Learn how to control bindii weed in your lawn, grass and garden. Bindii seed heads are the nasty prickles that make our backyards torture for us to walk on. Bindii dermatitis, Onehunga weed rash, Bindi dermatitis, Bindyi dermatitis, Jo-Jo dermatitis, Bindi-eye dermatitis, Prickle weed dermatitis, Burrweed dermatitis. Authoritative facts from DermNet New Zealand.
Bindii Weed Control in Your Lawn
Bindii – also called Jo-Jo Weed or Onehunga – is a low-growing, spreading, annual weed. Fern-like leaves (similar to carrot leaves) are attached to stems which grow from the centre in a rosette form. Plants generally grow 4 cm in diameter and are covered in fine hairs.
Flowers are very small (3mm) and greenish-yellow. Flowers are produced in Autumn and Winter and mature into seeds in Spring and Summer. Seeds are light-brown, flattened and winged seeds with one especially long spine on the end – capable of piercing the skin. Seeds drop from the plant in mid-summer and are further spread by foot traffic or on the fur of animals.
Areas Impacted by Bindii
- Lawns and turf
- Garden beds
How to Control Bindii in Your Lawn
Best Time of Year to Control Bindii
As seeds are produced in Spring and Summer, the best time for control is late Autumn, Winter and early Spring, prior to the weed setting seed.
Best Treatment for the Control of Bindii in Buffalo & Most Lawns
There are various options for the control of Bindii in the lawn. Such as:
Authors: Jason Tang, Medical Student, University of New South Wales, NSW, Australia; Dr Monisha Gupta, Dermatologist, Liverpool Hospital, and Senior Conjoint Lecturer, University of New South Wales, NSW, Australia. DermNet New Zealand Editor in Chief: Adjunct A/Prof Amanda Oakley, Dermatologist, Hamilton, New Zealand. Copy edited by Gus Mitchell. November 2017.
What is bindii?
Bindii is the Australian name for a prickly annual weed. It is a low-growing plant that is widely established in lawns and flower beds. The name is used to refer to several species, particularly Soliva pterosperma and Soliva sessilis. Other names for bindii are bindi, bindyi, Jo-Jo, bindi-eye, and, in New Zealand, Onehunga weed, prickle weed, and burrweed.
The bindii weed originated in South America, and has since spread to Australia, New Zealand, Portugal, Spain, and the southern United States.
Soliva sessilis plant 1
Soliva sessilis plant
What is bindii dermatitis ?
Bindii dermatitis is a form of irritant contact dermatitis resulting from injury by the seed of the bindii weed.
Who gets bindii dermatitis?
Bindii dermatitis may affect anyone. However, it most often affects boys 5–18 years of age, possibly because of their active lifestyles involving outdoor sports.
The risk of dermatitis may be increased if there is a family history of bindii dermatitis.
What are the clinical features of bindii dermatitis?
Bindii dermatitis most often occurs in late spring and early summer and is less frequent during winter when the bindii weed becomes dormant.
The spine of the bindii seed penetrates the skin causing a sharp prick. Over the next few days, the skin around the spine becomes inflamed, forming discrete red papules with a central puncture site.
- The papules most often occur on the hands, feet, elbows, and knees; they are rare on other sites of the body.
- The papules may become scaly or occasionally, pustular .
- They may be itchy, tender, or sting.
- They can persist for several months.
- Bindii dermatitis may recur ; tolerance does not appear to occur.
The severity of the dermatitis depends on:
- The number and species of bindii seeds
- The thickness of the injured skin
- Whether the affected skin is already damaged (eg, by atopic eczema )
- High or low environmental temperature
- High or low humidity .
Some patients may develop an immediate weal reaction when pricked by the bindii weed; this can resolve without progressing to dermatitis.
How is bindii dermatitis diagnosed?
Bindii dermatitis is a clinical diagnosis made through taking a thorough medical history and examination of the patient. There are no specific tests.
The histology of a skin biopsy of bindii dermatitis shows spongiosis , mixed dermal infiltrate , and foreign-body giant cells . There may be marked oedema of the papillary dermis and draining sinuses . Evidence of plant material may also be present.
What is the treatment of bindii dermatitis?
Visible bindii seeds or ‘prickles’ should be manually removed.
Bindii dermatitis does not always respond to topical or systemic corticosteroids . Luckily, it is self-limited.