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best cbd strain for anxiety

Feeling Anxious? Here’s 9 Weed Strains You May Want to Try

Anxiety is one of the most widespread and pervasive mental health issues in the world, and it is consistently one of the top reasons people medicate with cannabis.

Like most medical claims related to cannabis, there is much we don’t know, but scientists are actively investigating how cannabis affects anxiety. Though researchers have yet to produce decisive conclusions, some studies have identified a few important trends that can help point cannabis consumers to strains they may want to try to alleviate their feelings of anxiousness.

From these studies, we know that pure THC decreases anxiety in low doses, but can increase it at higher quantities, while pure CBD appears to decrease anxiety at any dose. We also know that cannabinoids like CBD and THC aren’t the whole story. Compounds like terpenes also appear to play a significant role increasing a strains ability to be therapeutic.

Below, our guide considers a strain’s entire profile : its chemical fingerprint of cannabinoids and terpenes. Most of the following nine strains have high-CBD-to-low-THC ratios, with a couple of important exceptions. All score high marks for myrcene, b-caryophyllene and limonene terpenes which are associated with calming, soothing effects, though, it should be noted, all the evidence is anecdotal. That being said, here are some strains to consider if you’re trying to reduce stress and anxiety.

Critical Mass: CBD-Dominant with Myrcene and Caryophyllene

Critical Mass draws its relaxing and uplifting effects from the strong indica-like traits . Modern variants have been bred to accentuate its CBD expression, and cannabinoid ratios range from 5-8% THC to 8-12% CBD. Critical Mass doesn’t have the limonene found in other excellent strains for treating anxiety, but its quotient of myrcene and caryophyllene pick up the slack. Reviewers say this strain excels at producing relaxed, happy and euphoric effects. If anxiety symptoms are affecting your body with tension and tightness, this is a strain to check out.

Royal Highness: Balanced THC:CBD Ratio

Royal Highness is a strain that typically expresses a 1:1 THC-to-CBD ratio, with THC just a touch ahead. It’s an anxiety-relieving strain that puts away the idea that only heavy, sedating strains work to treat mental stress. With its sativa-focused effects and llight, energizing high, Royal Highness is a great strain for staying active and social. Royal Highness’ CBD and its rich complement of anxiety-reducing terpenes help to ease a worried mind.

Kosher Kush: Exception to the THC Rule

From its stat-sheet alone, Kosher Kush might not seem like it belongs anywhere near a list of anti-anxiety strains. Averaging 20% THC with minimal amounts of CBD, it’s a strain that flouts our low-THC, high-CBD rule. But Kosher Kush breaks the mold, and one recent study suggests why: Because of their genetics, many Kush strains share a pattern of high-THC and significant quantities of the terpene trans-nerolidol. Trans-nerolidol shows up in lots of strong aromatic compounds frequently used to treat anxiety and stress, such as jasmine and lemongrass.

Kosher Kush shares those traits and adds a rich array of myrcene, b-caryophyllene, and limonene. These qualities make it a perfect strain for people who still want a strong THC buzz, but one that won’t tip over into anxiousness.

AC/DC: Exceptionally High CBD:THC Ratio

If you’re a cannabis consumer who’s sensitive to THC or you’re looking for an anti-anxiety strain with virtually no intoxicating effects, check out AC/DC . AC/DC is a branch of the Cannatonic family, and it’s a strain that’s extremely popular among medical cannabis patients for its ability to treat everything from pain to epilepsy and anxiety. A powerful inflammation reducer, ACDC can help soothe anxiety’s symptoms while its terpenes and oils combine synergistically to calm mental agitation.

Cannatonic: Anti-Anxiety Standby

While we’re on the subject, let’s take a closer look at Cannatonic . Typically expressing a 1:1 or 1:2 THC-to-CBD ratio, Cannatonic is a very mellowing strain with a mild, functional high. Anxiousness can lead to headaches, and Cannatonic excels at relieving migraines. It also contains a balanced complement of anxiety-reducing terpenes, with myrcene at the forefront. Because of Cannatonic’s balanced and relatively brief high, it performs best as a daily or “throughout-the-day” strain for tackling work-related anxiety and stress.

Pennywise: Dissipate Anxiety-Related Panic

Setting aside the potentially anxiety-inducing reference to the killer clown, this strain’s name is really an homage to the two strains Pennywise is crossed with, Jack the Ripper and Harlequin . And it’s the latter strain that imbues Pennywise with its signature ability to provide mental clarity and a sense of relaxation. Like other balanced CBD:THC strains on this list, Pennywise produces mild and uplifting psychoactive effects that reviewers say invigorate their sense of mental wellness.

Lemon Garlic OG: The Total Package

Lemon Garlic OG boasts a chemotype that’s well suited to reduce stress and anxiety and replace them with a revitalized sense of calm. This strain checks every box on our cannabinoid and terpene checklist: a rich, balanced blend of limonene (as the name suggests), b-caryophyllene and myrcene, along with an even-tempered ratio of CBD and THC. And if the act of smoking cannabis itself brings you relief from your anxiety, Lemon Garlic OG delivers. Dense, bright green buds and a lush trichome coat make Lemon Garlic OG a joy to behold and handle. Bonus: the heady blend of citrusy, garlic and earthy pine notes offer some excellent aromatherapy.

Elektra: CBD-Heavy Strain for Socialites

Elektra continues the line of descent from Cannatonic to ACDC with a phenotype that minimizes THC expression and maximizes CBD. Weighing in at an average 15.5% CBD (more CBD than the average CBD-dominant phenotype) Elektra folds in notable quantities of b-caryophyllene and myrcene with a dash of limonene to up its anxiety-ameliorating credentials. What distinguishes Elektra form similar strains, however, is its strong flavor notes of red wine and dark chocolate. Great at reducing different types of anxiety, Elektra pairs just as well with a quiet night at home as it does with a night out with your friends.

Blue OG: Euphoria and Relaxation

Blueberry and Kush phenotypes may not have the CBD quantities commonly associated with anti-anxiety strains, but their overall cannabinoid and terpene profiles more than make up for it. Blue OG is a hybrid that descends from Blueberry , Blue Moonshine and OG Kush, giving it a healthy portion of limonene and b-caryophyllene. THC levels for this strain hover right in the median range—nothing overpowering or anxiety-inducing. For consumers who find anxiety relief from THC and seek euphoric, relaxed highs for both mind and body, Blue OG is an ideal strain.

Looking to find potent cannabis strains with info from the breeders themselves? Search from more than 750 strain profiles on Weedmaps Strains .

Anxiety affects many people, but some studies suggest cannabis can provide effective relief. Here are a few cannabis strains to help manage anxiety.

12 High-CBD Cannabis Strains to Ease Anxiety

Cannabis is a go-to remedy for some folks living with anxiety. But not all cannabis is created equal. Some strains can actually bring on or worsen anxiety.

The key is to choose a strain with a high CBD-to-THC ratio.

Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the main active compounds in cannabis. They’re both similar in structure, but there’s one very big difference.

THC is a psychoactive compound, and CBD is not. It’s THC that causes the “high” associated with cannabis, including the anxiety and paranoia that some people experience.

While not a treatment for anxiety, using high-CBD strains might help ease certain symptoms, especially when combined with other tools, like therapy.

We combed through Leafly’s strain explorer to find 12 CBD-dominant strains worth trying if you’re looking for something on the mellower side.

Keep in mind that strains aren’t an exact science. The effects aren’t always consistent, even among products of the same strain.

Remedy is a 14 percent CBD strain that produces little to no psychoactive effects.

It’s got a lemon-pine scent. Most users recommend it for its ability to mellow you out without the intense head and body effects of high-THC strains.

This is another 14 percent CBD strain preferred by people looking to relieve stress, anxiety, and pain without feeling stoned.

It contains no relevant amount of THC. The two most common words used to describe its effects are “relaxed” and “happy,” according to reviews on Leafly.

Lifter is a newer player in the cannabis game. It averages around 16 percent CBD with next to no THC.

Its aroma is described as “funky cheese with a hint of fuel” (weird flex, but OK). It’s uber-relaxing effects won’t put a damper on your focus or function.

This is one of the best-known high-CBD strains. It contains around 13 percent CBD with little to no THC.

It’s used in several health and wellness products to help ease anxiety, pain, and depression without any psychoactive effects.

If you like the smell of wine and cheese, Cherry Wine’s your strain.

It averages around 17 percent CBD with less than 1 percent THC. According to user reviews, it relaxes your brain and muscles without mind-altering effects.

This CBD strain has an average CBD-to-THC ratio of 13:1, but strains as high as 20:1 can be found.

Ringo’s Gift is a cross of two high-CBD strains: ACDC and Harle-Tsu, which is actually next on our list.

Users report a big improvement in anxiety and stress levels after using this strain. Improved sleep is another effect users rave about.

This award-winning strain averages around 13 percent CBD but often tests much higher.

It was named best CBD flower at the 2014 Emerald Cup. Lab tests found it to contain 21.05 percent CBD and 0.86 percent THC.

This ratio makes it a favorite for people looking to lower anxiety and boost their mood and focus.

This was one of the first high-CBD strains ever bred and remains a fan favorite.

It has an average CBD:THC ratio of 13:1 or even lower THC. Users report feeling relaxed and happy without that “heavy body” feeling.

Elektra averages around 16 percent CBD with less than 1 percent THC. Some user reviews say it’s tested as high as around 20 percent CBD.

Its pungent smoke and aroma get mixed reviews, but people love it for its relaxing effect that doesn’t totally wipe you out.

This high-CBD strain has some sour notes as far as aroma, but it gets props from people who use it to relieve symptoms of anxiety and depression.

Sour Space Candy has an average of 17 percent CBD and only a trace amount of THC.

Suzy Q isn’t as high in CBD as some other strains. It comes in at about 11 percent CBD with little to no THC.

It’s considered a good choice for helping to relax an anxious mind and tense muscles without getting you high or knocking you out.

This strain contains more THC than the others we’ve listed, making it a good option if you’re still looking for a light buzz. It can contain anywhere from 4 to 7 percent THC and 8 to 10 percent CBD.

According to user reviews, people who don’t generally do well with THC find that this strain relaxes and calms without causing a green out.

Even if you’re going with a high-CBD strain, most still contain some THC, even if just a trace amount. Still, since it’s hard to predict exactly how any amount of THC will affect someone, a little caution is always a good idea.

Here are some tips that can help make your experience a little safer when trying a new strain:

  • Go low and slow by choosing a strain with the lowest THC you can find. Give it ample time to work before considering having more.
  • Consider nonsmoking methods, like CBD oils, to protect your lungs. Cannabis smoke contains a lot of the same toxins and carcinogens as tobacco smoke.
  • If you do smoke, avoid deep inhalation or holding your breath to limit exposure to smoke’s harmful byproducts.
  • Don’t drive for at least 6 hours after use, or longer if you’re still feeling any effects.
  • Avoid cannabis entirely if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding.

Also keep in mind that individual states have their own legislation regarding legal levels of CBD and THC. Check your state’s legislation for specific information. Be mindful of other state laws when traveling with cannabis.

Research continues into cannabis, specifically CBD, as a potential way to manage anxiety. While it isn’t a tried-and-true remedy, some people do find it helpful for easing some of their symptoms.

If you want to give high-CBD strains a try, just be sure to keep up with any anxiety treatments prescribed by your healthcare provider.

Adrienne Santos-Longhurst is a freelance writer and author who has written extensively on all things health and lifestyle for more than a decade. When she’s not holed up in her writing shed researching an article or off interviewing health professionals, she can be found frolicking around her beach town with husband and dogs in tow or splashing about the lake trying to master the stand-up paddle board.

Cannabis and anxiety have a complicated relationship. For some, cannabis works wonders for their symptoms, but for others, it ramps them up. If you're looking to use cannabis for anxiety, high-CBD strains are probably your safest bet.

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rainbow jones strain

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Rainbow Jones

breed by Connoisseur Genetics

Here you can find all info about Rainbow Jones from Connoisseur Genetics. If you are searching for information about Rainbow Jones from Connoisseur Genetics, check out our Basic Infos, Gallery, Shop-Finder and Price Comparison, Lineage / Genealogy or Hybrids / Crossbreeds for this cannabis variety here at this page and follow the links to get even more information – or list all Rainbow Jones Strains (±2) to find a different version. If you have any personal experiences with growing or consuming this cannabis variety, please use the upload links to add them to the database!

Basic / Breeders Info

Rainbow Jones is an indica/sativa variety from Connoisseur Genetics and can be cultivated indoors and outdoors . Connoisseur Genetics’ Rainbow Jones is a THC dominant variety and is/was only available as feminized seeds.

Connoisseur Genetics’ Rainbow Jones Description

In order to give you the best possible chance of purple plants we have combined our Grandaddy Purple mother with super colourful Casey Jones. Sweet purple candy flavours with hints of diesel and a musky skunk edge. A mouth-watering delight as beautiful to look at as she is to consume. Make sure they are fully ripe and very well flushed to encourage colour to come through.

Genetics: Grandaddy Purple x Casey Jones

Where to buy Rainbow Jones cannabis seeds?

Rainbow Jones from Connoisseur Genetics is available only as feminized seeds. Regular seeds are not available at the moment. In 4 seedbanks, we found 11 offers between EUR 15.73 for 1 feminized seed and EUR 762.60 for 50 feminized seeds. If you are looking to buy Rainbow Jones Cannabis Seeds from Connoisseur Genetics somewhere – have a look to our Rainbow Jones Price Comparison page with all current offers from all the connected seedbanks and shops – or visit one of the following tested, trustworthy and recommended seed-shops directly to check out their current Rainbow Jones offers: Herbies Head Shop, Mary’s Seeds, Seedsman and Oaseeds.

Rainbow Jones Gallery

Here you see the latest Rainbow Jones photos, uploaded from our users! Altogether we’ve collected 3 pictures from Connoisseur Genetics’ Rainbow Jones, check out our Rainbow Jones gallery to view them all.

Rainbow Jones breed by Connoisseur Genetics Here you can find all info about Rainbow Jones from Connoisseur Genetics . If you are searching for information about Rainbow Jones from

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diagonal strain

Diagonal Kush

Diagonal Kush

Hybrid

The byproduct of an East Coast Sour Diesel x True OG… Diagonal Kush is an all star, perfect for focusing on work, or some daytime weekend relaxation.

Strain Details

Strain Type:
Hybrid

Effects:
Focused
Hungry
Tingly

Flavors:
Sage
Tar
Kush

Genetics:
East Coast Sour Diesel x True OG

Cannabinoid Profile
THCa: 0%
THC: 0%
CBDa: 0%
CBD: 0%
CBN: 0%
CBG: 0%

The Herbal Cure

985 S Logan St, Denver, CO 80209
(303) 777-9333

Hours:
Mon-Thurs: 9am-9:00pm

The Herbal Cure MMJ and Wellness Center is here for all your patient needs! Our patients have a friendly, comfortable, private, secure, and knowledgeable place to make educated decisions about their medicine.

Diagonal Kush Diagonal Kush Hybrid The byproduct of an East Coast Sour Diesel x True OG… Diagonal Kush is an all star, perfect for focusing on work, or some daytime weekend relaxation.

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blue lotus strain

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Blue Lotus

breed by Bodhi Seeds

Here you can find all info about Blue Lotus from Bodhi Seeds. If you are searching for information about Blue Lotus from Bodhi Seeds, check out our Basic Infos, Shop-Finder and Price Comparison, Lineage / Genealogy or Hybrids / Crossbreeds for this cannabis variety here at this page and follow the links to get even more information. If you have any personal experiences with growing or consuming this cannabis variety, please use the upload links to add them to the database!

Basic / Breeders Info

Blue Lotus is a mostly indica variety from Bodhi Seeds and can be cultivated indoors and outdoors . Bodhi Seeds’ Blue Lotus is a THC dominant variety and is/was never available as feminized seeds.

Bodhi Seeds’ Blue Lotus Description

Color is mostly green with very little other coloration. I do not know if this is strain dependent or due to some other factor(s). The smell is very earthy, musky and robust. The buds started to dry out so I placed the Blue Lotus into a glass mason jar with a Boveda 62% Humidipak to bring the buds back to a proper humidity level. This helped a little bit but I still had some of the smaller buds crumble when I was grinding them up for vaping.

There is a strong cool menthol/minty taste when vaping and it is a relatively smooth draw but not as smooth as Easy Rider. This strain makes me cough more than does Easy Rider. The high is immediate and strong with a good buzzy/heady high. However, this strain definitely has more couch-lock like effects than Easy Rider and I fell asleep more easily/often on this strain. The high lasts for a few hours and after a while it has a dizzying affect on me that while it wasn’t unpleasant, was a little unusual for me to experience with cannabis.

Where to buy Blue Lotus cannabis seeds?

Blue Lotus from Bodhi Seeds is available only as regular seeds. Feminized seeds are not available at the moment. We found 1 offer for EUR 82.00 for 11 regular seeds. If you are looking to buy Blue Lotus Cannabis Seeds from Bodhi Seeds somewhere – have a look to our Blue Lotus Price Comparison page with all current offers from all the connected seedbanks and shops – or visit one of the following tested, trustworthy and recommended seed-shops directly to check out their current Blue Lotus offers: Cannapot Hanfshop.

Blue Lotus Lineage / Genealogy

  • Blue Lotus »»» BlueBerry x Snowlotus
  • BlueBerry F2
    • Blueberry Line F1
      • »»» Temple Flo x HTAF F1
      • Temple Flo F3
        • Floral Line
          • »»» Purple Thai x Afghani
          • Purple Thai
            • »»» H.O.G. x Chocolate Thai
            • H.O.G.
              • Mexico »»» Sativa
            • Chocolate Thai
              • Thailand »»» Sativa
          • Afghani
            • Afghanistan Probably Indica »»» Indica
      • HTAF F1
        • »»» Thailand x Afghani F1
        • Thailand »»» Sativa
        • Afghani (specified above)
  • Snowlotus
    • »»» Afgooey x Block Head
    • Afgooey
      • »»» Afgani #1 x Maui Haze
      • Afgani #1
        • »»» Afghanistan x Afghanistan
        • Afghanistan »»» Indica
        • Afghanistan »»» Indica
      • Maui Haze »»» Sativa
    • Block Head
      • »»» Pakistani Landrace P19 x Sweet Tooth
      • Pakistani Landrace P19 »»» Indica
      • Sweet Tooth F1
        • »»» Sweet Pink Grapefruit x Blueberry F1
        • Sweet Pink Grapefruit
          • »»» Grapefruit x Unknown Strain
          • Grapefruit
            • Unknown Hybrid »»» Indica/Sativa Hybrid
          • Unknown Strain
        • Blueberry (specified above)

Map of the Blue Lotus Family Tree

Blue Lotus Hybrids & Crossbreeds

Map of the Blue Lotus Descendants

If you are with a big screen and not browsing with your mobile, check out our dynamic family tree map with all known hybrids of Blue Lotus! (but this maybe will need some time to load all the data!)

Upload your info about this strain here:

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Pictures

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Comparisons

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User Reviews

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Medical Values

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Threads

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Videos

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Blue Lotus breed by Bodhi Seeds Here you can find all info about Blue Lotus from Bodhi Seeds . If you are searching for information about Blue Lotus from Bodhi Seeds, check out our Basic

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zombie kush strain

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Zombie Kush

Zombie Kush by Ripper Seeds comes from two different Kush genetics, resulting in hues of purple embedded within its trichome-laden foliage. Created by crossing Sideral (Lavender Kush x Amnesia) with Bubba Kush, Zombie Kush’s unique genetic lineage and complex terpene profile won it 1st Prize at the 2017 Napoli Secret Cup for Best Extract and 1st Prize Indica at the 2016 UCLA Cup. It has enjoyable and potent effects with a snappy indoor flowering time of 55-60 days.

Zombie Kush by Ripper Seeds comes from two different Kush genetics, resulting in hues of purple embedded within its trichome-laden foliage. Created by crossing Sideral (Lavender Kush x Amnesia) with Bubba Kush, Zombie Kush’s unique genetic lineage and complex terpene profile won it 1st Prize at the 2017 Napoli Secret Cup for Best Extract and 1st Prize Indica at the 2016 UCLA Cup. It has enjoyable and potent effects with a snappy indoor flowering time of 55-60 days.

Zombie Kush is an indica cannabis strain.

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how to make feminized seeds with colloidal silver

How To Make Feminized Cannabis Seeds Like The Pros

Growing from feminized cannabis seeds is a space and resource-efficient way of getting all girls, all the time. Find out how to create your own feminized cannabis with Royal Queen Seeds.

Contents:

MAKING FEMINIZED SEEDS

Growing cannabis is all about resinous flowers, trichomes, and rich cannabinoid profiles. These splendid characteristics can only be found on the female flowers. Having gardens full of robust, un-pollinated sinsemilla females means jars full of mind and body-friendly, crusty nuggets.

The only bummer, unless you grow from clones, is that cannabis is wired to produce about 50% male seeds and 50% females. It is just the nature of the beast.

Wouldn’t it be sweet if it was possible to grow all females from seed, every plant, every time?

Well, that is where the feminizing technique comes into play: two methods of manipulating the cannabis plant to produce only females from seed, every-time. To be truthful, it isn’t every single time. But 99% of the time is a pretty good number, and could be considered entirely male risk-free.

The general practice behind feminization is that female plants are forced to produce pollen, which is in turn used to pollinate other female plants. The outcome? Resulting seeds will be feminized, with no risk of further pollination.

WHY FEMINIZE?

Feminized seeds are super efficient for indoor and outdoor gardeners. Area, time, and resources aren’t being given to plants that will be thrown away two weeks after the 12-12 flip. Similarly, outdoors where a large plant can consume a lot of time and resources in upkeep prior to the autumn show of flowers, feminized plants are also a good way to reduce guerrilla crop pollinating. There’s nothing worse than bush-bashing out to a well-hidden crop only to find a rogue male or two have impregnated every female plant.

INHIBIT THAT ETHYLENE

“Applications that reduce the ethylene level in tissues or antagonise the action of ethylene causes the formation of male flowers instead of female ones” — Paraphrase, Byers et al., 1972.

There are a number of solutions that can be sprayed on female plants to create male pollen sacs: benzothiadiazole, gibberellic acid, silver thiosulphate, silver nitrate, and colloidal silver.

Colloidal silver is by far the easiest to source or make. It is non-toxic, non-caustic, and can be bought from a pharmacy or easily online. The other solutions can be dangerous, difficult to get a hold of, and expensive—except gibberellic acid, which can be found in nurseries, but is not as effective as colloidal silver. But if you want to watch some freaky plant growth just for the fun of it, give gibberellic acid a try. It is a growth stimulant and makes plants stretch and stretch.

TECHNIQUE 1: COLLOIDAL SILVER

Colloidal silver is a distilled water-based solution in which microscopic particles of silver are suspended. The nature of colloids means the particles will never settle out and can’t be removed by normal filtering. Colloidal silver is available commercially, or you can make your own if you want to totally geek out (see how-to section at the end). It has numerous uses as an alternative medicine. For example, it is used to soothe burns, as an antiseptic and digestion stimulant in people, and as a fungal control in horticulture.

Be sure the strength is at least 15ppm, preferably 30ppm. Less than 15ppm produces male sacs with little viable pollen.

To begin with, select a plant that has the characteristics you want to preserved. Feminizing clones is the usual practice as the growth, flowering, and resin characteristics from the mother are already known. There is no need for any vegetation time once a clone is well-rooted. Simply pot the clone into a small pot, give it a day or two to recover, and begin a 12-12 light cycle right away. A pollen-producing plant only needs to be small as cannabis produces copious amounts of pollen.

Hint: Make two clones once a plant has been selected, one to be feminized and one to be left for pollination. This way, a separate breeding space is created and accidental seeding of other plants, or an accidental sneeze pollinating a whole grow cupboard, is avoided.

Plants can be induced to grow male sex organs as late as four weeks into flowering. Though spraying one week prior to the light changeover is recommended for clones. If a plant grown from seed is being used, wait until the plant has sexed before spraying so you can be sure it is female.

Spray the plants to be feminized with colloidal silver every day, and three times a day if you can manage. Soak them well. Do this for two weeks, then leave the plants to grow as normal. Some growers report getting results after spraying for only 5–10 days.

When sexing begins, male pollen sacs will develop instead of female calyxes and pistils. Male plants mature much faster than females, and viable pollen can be expected within 3–4 weeks once the plant has been sexed. Some growers will spray until the plant shows sexual growth, just to be sure the method has worked. Make sure these plants are well-isolated from any flowering females. A burst pod can release millions of pollen spores, and it only takes one spore per hair to create a seed.

DON’T SMOKE IT

Once the plants have been sprayed with colloidal silver and the pollen is collected, they are write-offs—86 them and don’t smoke them. Giving them a thorough rinse will not work. The colloidal silver is a systemic treatment absorbed into the plant through the foliage and not a topical application. Be safe and bin them.

TECHNIQUE 2: RODELIZATION

Sinsemilla is an unnatural state for cannabis. Without human intervention, it would be rare to find an unpollinated female in the wild—unless it was sterile. When sinsemilla plants are left to go beyond their desirable maturation stage by a number of weeks, the plant, through whatever amazing processes evolution has bestowed, knows it has not been pollinated. As a last ditch effort at propagation, it will produce male pollen sacs in an effort to self-pollinate.

This is not the result of genetic or stress-induced hermaphroditism. They are genuine XX chromosome male bananas. With all the genetic information from the female and no Y chromosome, using rodelized pollen creates female-only seeds, although as with colloidal silver, an occasional male may appear.

HARVESTING POLLEN AND POLLINATION

There are a number of harvesting methods employed to catch pollen.

  • Cover the top of the pot with plastic or card to catch pollen as it falls, or modify a plastic drink cup to shroud the plant and catch falling pollen.
  • Fix a clear plastic bag, perforated at the top for air exchange, around the whole plant.
  • An experienced eye will remove each flower pod prior to it bursting completely open to be sure of catching every spore.
  • Pollinating a female is the easy bit. Depending on how many seeds you want to make, there are a couple of methods that can be used.
  • Using a watercolour or other fine, soft brush or even a cotton bud, dip into your pollen collection and gently apply to the chosen flower. Although thousands of viable spores will be on the end of the brush, enough to pollinate a whole plant, the trichomes on the surface of the pistils will greedily glue everything you offer them. So dip into your pollen stash a few times as you dust.
  • For lots of seeds, put pollen in a bag and put over a whole branch or a whole plant, shake well, and leave for twenty four hours.
  • It is possible to pollinate different branches with different pollens and have a breeder plant that has 1, 2, or 15 different crosses on it.
  • It is also possible to self-pollinate the plant from which the male parts were created. This won’t produce as many seeds as pollinating a separate plant because less female flowers are produced and many are nonviable because of the feminization process.

GROWING FEMINIZED PLANTS

Treat feminized seeds as you would any other seed from germination to veg, and veg through flower. Observation is where it’s at now, you want the best plants for your garden. Ideally, setting up a separate vegetation/flower space where a number of plants can be grown lets your standard grow space continue with uninterrupted production.

Plants bred using feminization are homozygous. This can have two effects that can’t be assessed until the seeds are grown. Homozygosity will increase the dominant or recessive traits of the parent in the progeny, so features you don’t want and do want can be amplified. Genetics is a weird, weird thing.

Just as with standard male to female crossings (which is a heterozygous process), a number of plants will need to be grown and the best selected for mother plants and future breeding. With enough room, hundreds if not thousands of new plants can be grown in order to select the best of the best phenotypes.

FEMBOTS RULE

With a bit of aforethought, it is possible to set up an efficient feminization breeding programme—and have female seeds from your favourite phenos on hand all the time. You never know, you might discover the next big thing!

MAKING YOUR OWN COLLOIDAL SILVER

The easiest and relatively inexpensive way—considering how much money is potentially saved by not growing resource and time-consuming males—is to buy a colloidal silver generator, which is the no-fuss plug and play option. Or, make your own, which is quite straightforward and doesn’t require any special skill.

Colloidal silver is formed by passing a current from a pure silver electrode through distilled water. This simple electrolysis is all there is to it. Although distilled water does not conduct electricity very well due to its lack of mineral content, enough is passed through to create micro silver particles and silver ionisation. Sounds technical, but it really isn’t.

Feminized cannabis seeds only produce female plants, which has a number of advantages. Find out how to do it with Royal Queen Seeds.

How to make your own feminized seeds using Colloidal Silver or Rodelization

There are two main methods to create your own feminized cannabis seeds:

  • colloidal silver method or
  • rodelization (sometimes spelled “rhodelization” or “rodilization”)

Both the colloidal silver method and the rodelization method are described in detail below if you scroll down. Rodelization is a more “natural” way to get seeds, while colloidal silver gives you more control of the feminization process. Each of the methods has its pros and cons.

For whatever reason, when colloidal silver solution is sprayed regularly on female cannabis plants during the early flowering stage, she will grow male “balls” (which are full of female pollen) instead of growing buds.

This allows the grower to collect pollen from a female cannabis plant. You can use this all-female pollen to pollinate another female plant. With two female plants as parents, ALL the seeds will end up being female.

That is why colloidal silver allows can be used to create female x female cannabis crosses and produce your own feminized seeds.

Rodelization takes advantage of the fact that a female plant will try to pollinate herself as a last resort when she doesn’t get pollinated and is nearing the end of her life cycle. That is why sometimes older or stressed female plants grow a few male “balls” as a last-ditch attempt to self-pollinate. When successful, she will grow a few seeds.

These self-pollinated seeds will have gotten both sets of genes from the same female plant, so both parents will be female, and all resulting seeds with be female.

Why do you want feminized seeds?

When growing regular cannabis and trying to produce seeds, the resulting seedlings end up being about 50% male and 50% female.

This can be a big disadvantage for the cannabis grower because male marijuana plants do not produce very much THC or other psychoactive cannabinoids.

Therefore, when growing cannabis indoors, most growers will throw away all male cannabis plants as soon as they’re discovered. However, it’s easier to not have to worry about males since identifying and removing male cannabis plants can be a bit of a pain. Plus, male plants also take up precious space in the grow room until their gender becomes apparent when they are forced to start flowering.

Another problem with male cannabis plants is that they can accidentally pollinate your female cannabis plants which will cause them to concentrate on making seeds instead of making sinsemilla.

Sinsemilla is the term for cannabis flowers/buds that don’t contain any seeds. Dried sinsemilla is what most growers are trying to produce when growing cannabis.

So what can you do? If you create feminized cannabis seeds, then all the resulting plants will be female and you never have to worry about male cannabis plants again.

While there are a few different ways to create your own feminized cannabis seeds, for some people making your own feminized seeds may be impractical. If you are looking for a discrete, dependable seed bank, I personally recommend Seedsman who has a huge selection of feminized seeds.

How it Works

The main method used to create feminized seeds is to take a known female cannabis plant and force her to grow male pollen sacs and produce pollen.

You can then take this all-female pollen and use it to fertilize other females. Because all the genetic material comes from females, you will end up with seeds that are at 99% female.

So far for me, it’s worked 100% of the time. Any male plants that do result when growing feminized seeds are probably genetic females that are growing with male characteristics.

There are several processes by which female plants will grow male characteristics. Some female cannabis plants will start growing male organs if they are left in flowering for too long, as a last-ditch attempt to pollinate themselves since they were not pollinated by any male plants.

Some female plants will also show male characteristics as a result of heat and light stress. But for the grower, the most convenient way to get a female cannabis plant to make pollen is to treat her with a solution known as colloidal silver.

Below I will first explain how to make feminized Cannabis Seeds using colloidal silver, then I’ll briefly explain the all-natural rodelization method, which is an all-natural though less reliable way to get feminized seeds.

Use Colloidal Silver Spray to Make Feminized Cannabis Seeds Like the Seed Banks Do

Pros:

  • You’re able to produce feminized seeds using any two female cannabis plants (even clone-only strains!)
  • You can produce seeds consistently
  • You can control how many seeds produced
  • Easy to make hundreds of feminized seeds if needed

Cons:

  • You will need to find a source of colloidal silver which will be used to spray the cannabis plants as they start flowering. Your main options are: buying colloidal silver directly, buying a colloidal silver generator, or making your own simple colloidal silver generator yourself (instructions below)
  • It is not safe to directly use/consume any cannabis which has come into contact with colloidal silver, though any seeds produced by a treated plant’s pollen are 100% safe.Note: Some space-starved pot farmers will use the colloidal silver to spray just the bottom branch of a cannabis plant so they can still smoke/use the rest of the cannabis buds. You can definitely do this, just be extremely careful not to get any colloidal silver spray on any part of the cannabis that you will be consuming. See this page (https://nccih.nih.gov/health/silver#hed2) for more information on risks involved with using colloidal silver.

When a female cannabis plant is treated with a solution of tiny silver particles suspended in distilled water, the plant will start to exhibit male characteristics.

This solution of silver in water is called colloidal silver and can be purchased from a pharmacy/online or easily made at home . Or you can make it with a colloidal silver generator.

Some people drink colloidal silver for its health benefits and others use it occasionally on plants to help control bacteria, insects, and fungus growth on the leaves.

To take advantage of this, you thoroughly mist a female cannabis plant with colloidal silver every day right when she enters the flowering stage, she will start growing male “balls” full of pollen. Keep misting the plants daily until you see the beginning of male pollen sacs forming, usually around 10-14 days.

The concentration of silver ions in the water actually act as an ethylene inhibitor/antagonist on the plant, which forces the plant to create male pollen sacs instead of female buds.

After the balls start forming

You need to let the sacs swell like a big empty balloon.

You will be able to tell when they are about to open because the leaf section protecting the pollen starts to crack.

At this point, simply take the pollen sacs off and place them in a cool dry place for a week and let them start to dry.

The pollen will come out if you shake them about a little, or you can also cut open the sacs to get to the pollen inside.

Use this pollen to pollinate female plants and you will get all-female seeds that are a mix of both their mothers.

This method is great because it will force almost any female cannabis plant to show male characteristics.

Unlike the rodelization method described below, you are not selecting for plants that show hermaphrodite traits. The genes of the plant are completely unaffected. This method will also produce a lot of pollen consistently compared to the rodelization method.

The one downside to this method is that it is not safe to use any cannabis that has come into direct contact with colloidal silver.

You should, therefore, destroy the plant after the pollen has been collected.

You will also want to ensure that you clean off any remaining traces of silver off your equipment in case you accidentally contaminate another cannabis plant with silver.

Here are the main things to keep in mind when using colloidal silver spray method:

  1. Make sure you spray the cannabis with a strong enough colloidal silver solution (at least 30 PPM of silver)
  2. Spray the cannabis thoroughly to almost drench all the parts you want to turn into pollen sacs
  3. Spray the cannabis regularly, at least once a day for 10-14 days, starting when you change the lights to 12-12
  4. Spray the cannabis with colloidal silver every day until you see signs of male pollen sacs forming. Some hardy strains may need over 2-3 weeks spraying before they ‘turn’.
Where to Get Colloidal Silver

Colloidal Silver is created by submerging two pieces of pure silver in distilled water, and then running an electric current between the two pieces of silver. The electric current will cause silver ions to be deposited in the water which creates a colloidal silver solution.

Buy Colloidal Silver: You can actually buy colloidal silver which has already been prepared and is ready for use. If you’re purchasing colloidal silver, try to find a solution that has at least 30 PPM (parts per million) of silver. However, buying Colloidal Silver that is already prepared can get expensive.

Buy A Generator Kit: A better option is to buy a relatively cheap colloidal silver generator to easily make your own colloidal silver. This Colloidal Generator kit comes with everything you need including silver. All you need to do is provide the water and a container.

Make Your Own: You can make your own colloidal silver generator at home. The diagram below should illustrate what you need to do.

Items Needed:

  • 9-volt battery
  • 9v Battery Connector (less than $2 at a hardware or electronics store)
  • Pure .9999 or 999 Silver (yes it must be pure)
  • Distilled water (yes it must be distilled)
  • Alligator clips (Optional: but will make things much easier)
  • Soldering Iron (Optional: only needed if you want to use alligator clips)

The diagram above will show you how to easily make your own colloidal silver to make your own feminized cannabis seeds

When you first connect everything, you may be surprised because it will seem like nothing is happening. You will know if it worked by the next day because the whole process will leave a silvery residue on your silver. You may need to use sandpaper or something else rough to clean your silver each time after creating a batch of colloidal silver.

If you don’t have a soldering iron and would still like to solder alligator clips onto your battery connector, then I recommend going to a hardware store and asking someone if they will help solder it for you.

Remember to keep your resulting colloidal silver solution away from any light or it will deteriorate and turn a dark gray color. If this happens, then you can no longer use the solution for creating feminized seeds.

Avoid most problems when making colloidal silver by:

  • using pure (distilled) water
  • using pure (999/.9999) silver
  • giving electrolysis enough time to work so you don’t get a weak solution (at least overnight)
  • making sure the solution has as little contact with light as possible until you use it

How to Make Feminized Cannabis Seeds Using Rodelization

Pros:

  • All-Natural
  • Very Simple

Cons:

  • Unreliable
  • May not produce many feminized seeds

The Rodelization method is all-natural and is the simplest method to create feminized seeds, but it is also unreliable and may not produce much pollen. Basically, the premise is that some female marijuana plants will start growing male pollen sacs/sex organs if they’ve been left in flowering too long (past the peak point of harvest). This is a last-ditch attempt by the marijuana plant to pollinate itself so that it at least produces a few seeds. You can collect these male pods and use the pollen inside them to pollinate other female plants. You pollinate female plants by evenly covering their buds with the pollen after they’ve been in flowering for 2-3 weeks. Females that are pollinated in this way will start growing all-female marijuana seeds. If you’re very careful, you can pollinate only some of the buds on a plant which will produce seeds, and leave other buds alone so they can still be used for consumption.

This issue with this method is that some strains of plants never seem to grow male characteristics naturally. Additionally, with this method, you’re selecting for plants that have a natural genetic tendency to show male characteristics. This can possibly produce offspring that are more likely to show male characteristics themselves which may or may not be what you’re going for. Lastly, even when you do get male pollen sacs from a marijuana plant in this way, there tends to be a lot less pollen than from a typical male plant.

The one great thing about this method is it’s completely all-natural so you can implement this strategy with an organic grow.

If you want to buy feminized cannabis seeds, I recommend The Nirvana Seed Bank

There are two main methods to create your own feminized cannabis seeds: the colloidal silver spray method or using rodelization.

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black raspberry strain

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Black Raspberry

breed by Bodhi Seeds

Here you can find all info about Black Raspberry from Bodhi Seeds. If you are searching for information about Black Raspberry from Bodhi Seeds, check out our Basic Infos, Shop-Finder and Price Comparison or Lineage / Genealogy for this cannabis variety here at this page and follow the links to get even more information – or list all Black Raspberry Strains (2) to find a different version. If you have any personal experiences with growing or consuming this cannabis variety, please use the upload links to add them to the database!

Basic / Breeders Info

Black Raspberry is an indica/sativa variety from Bodhi Seeds and can be cultivated indoors (where the plants will need a flowering time of ±63 days ) and outdoors . Bodhi Seeds’ Black Raspberry is a THC dominant variety and is/was never available as feminized seeds.

Bodhi Seeds’ Black Raspberry Description

Black Raspberry produces dark berry/absinthe/Lavender OG crystal-coated flowering clusters. A cross of Goji OG Raspberry F2 and Wookie 15 the amazing range of perfumes from this cannabis strain will delight all. Heavily aromatic Black raspberry produces good yields of wonderfully uplifting weed. Flowering indoors lasts for about 9 weeks when cuttings are grown.

TASTE / FLAVOUR Berry, Lavender
EFFECT Uplifting

Where to buy Black Raspberry cannabis seeds?

Black Raspberry from Bodhi Seeds is available only as regular seeds. Feminized seeds are not available at the moment. In 2 seedbanks, we found 2 offers between EUR 78.00 for 11 regular seeds and EUR 82.00 for 11 regular seeds. If you are looking to buy Black Raspberry Cannabis Seeds from Bodhi Seeds somewhere – have a look to our Black Raspberry Price Comparison page with all current offers from all the connected seedbanks and shops – or visit one of the following tested, trustworthy and recommended seed-shops directly to check out their current Black Raspberry offers: Cannapot Hanfshop and Oaseeds.

Black Raspberry Lineage / Genealogy

  • Black Raspberry »»» Goji OG Raspberry F2 x Wookie #15 probably
  • Goji OG Raspberry F2
    • »»» Nepali OG x Snow Lotus
    • Nepali OG
      • »»» OG Kush x Nepal Probably
      • OG Kush Probably
        • »»» Chemdawg x Probably
        • Lemon Thai x Hindu Kush, Pakistan
          • Lemon Thai »»» Sativa
          • Hindu Kush, Pakistan »»» Indica
        • Chemdawg
          • Unknown Indica »»» Indica
      • Nepal Probably »»» Indica
    • Snow Lotus
      • »»» Afgooey x Block Head
      • Afgooey
        • »»» Afgani #1 x Maui Haze
        • Afgani #1
          • »»» Afghanistan x Afghanistan
          • Afghanistan »»» Indica
          • Afghanistan »»» Indica
        • Maui Haze »»» Sativa
      • Block Head
        • »»» Pakistani Landrace P19 x Sweet Tooth
        • Pakistani Landrace P19 »»» Indica
        • Sweet Tooth F1
          • »»» Sweet Pink Grapefruit x Blueberry F1
          • Sweet Pink Grapefruit
            • »»» Grapefruit x Unknown Strain
            • Grapefruit
              • Unknown Hybrid »»» Indica/Sativa Hybrid
            • Unknown Strain
          • Blueberry F2
            • Blueberry Line F1
              • »»» Temple Flo x HTAF F1
              • Temple Flo F3
                • Floral Line
                  • »»» Purple Thai x Afghani
                  • Purple Thai
                    • »»» H.O.G. x Chocolate Thai
                    • H.O.G.
                      • Mexico »»» Sativa
                    • Chocolate Thai
                      • Thailand »»» Sativa
                  • Afghani
                    • Afghanistan Probably Indica »»» Indica
              • HTAF F1
                • »»» Thailand x Afghani F1
                • Thailand »»» Sativa
                • Afghani (specified above)
  • Wookie #15
    • »»» Lavender Big Buddys cut x Appalachia
    • Lavender Big Buddys cut
      • »»» Super Skunk x Big Skunk Korean x Afghani Hawaiian
      • Super Skunk
        • »»» Skunk #1 x Afghanistan
        • Skunk #1
          • Skunk #1
            • Skunk #1
              • »»» Afghanistan x Mexico x Colombia
              • Afghanistan »»» Indica
              • Mexico »»» Sativa
              • Colombia »»» Sativa
        • Afghanistan »»» Indica
      • Big Skunk Korean
        • Unknown Hybrid »»» Indica/Sativa Hybrid
      • Afghani Hawaiian
        • »»» Afghani x Hawaii
        • Afghani (specified above)
        • Hawaii »»» Indica/Sativa Hybrid
    • Appalachia
      • »»» Green Crack x Tres DawG
      • Green Crack
        • »»» Skunk #1 x Unknown Indica
        • Skunk #1
          • Skunk #1 (specified above)
        • Unknown Indica »»» Indica
      • Tres DawG
        • »»» Chem Dawg d x Double Dawg
        • Chem Dawg d (specified above)
        • Double Dawg
          • »»» Chem Dawg d x
          • Chem Dawg d x Afghani #1
            • Chem Dawg d (specified above)
            • Afghani #1 (specified above)
          • Chem Dawg d (specified above)

Map of the Black Raspberry Family Tree

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Medical Values

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Black Raspberry breed by Bodhi Seeds Here you can find all info about Black Raspberry from Bodhi Seeds . If you are searching for information about Black Raspberry from Bodhi Seeds, check

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orange seeds death

Krispy Kreme Could Have Avoided Embarrassment by Reading this Sherlock Holmes Story

“‘K. K. K.’ he shrieked” [FIVE]

Last week, the iconic “Hot Now” sign could have been referring to Krispy Kreme getting itself in hot water more than the availability of its signature hot doughnuts.

The confectioner found itself in a bit of a media flurry when a store in the United Kingdom decided that its promotion “Krispy Kreme Klub Wednesdays” should be abbreviated on its Facebook page as “KKK Wednesdays.” What could possibly go wrong?

While any schoolchild in the United States knows that K.K.K. stands for Ku Klux Klan, the white supremacist group, it’s clear that British social media gurus schoolchildren aren’t quite as clear on the topic.

This is the very thing that Arthur Conan Doyle was counting on when he wrote the short story “The Adventure of the Five Orange Pips” in 1891. Sherlock Holmes was a relatively new phenomenon at the time, as this was the fifth short story to be published in the collection that later became The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.

The plot of FIVE concerned a young man John Openshaw, whose uncle returned from living in the U.S., where he was part of the Confederacy during the Civil War. The uncle received a mysterious communication: an envelope containing five dried orange seeds and ‘K.K.K.’ printed in red ink on the outside. Within seven weeks, he was found dead, face-down in a pool of water. Openshaw’s father took over the estate, received a similar note with the letters ‘K.K.K.’ scrawled on it, and within days he died as a result of a fractured skull after falling over a chalk cliff.

“My God, my God. My sins have overtaken me.”

Any modern individual reading the story would immediately understand the significance of the acronymn; the “gotcha” ending that Conan Doyle was aiming for is lost on today’s society. But in the 1890s, the world was a different place in which the Klan’s name and notoriety were far from widespread.

With the Ku Klux Klan having been around in one movement or another since the 1860s – not to mention having played a major role in one of the original Sherlock Holmes stories – it’s astounding that no one at Krispy Kreme thought this through a little more. So much for cultural literacy.

The irony of the use of this unfortunate acronym nearly 125 years later by Krispy Kreme (a company headquartered in North Carolina – the American South) in the United Kingdom (the country in which “The Five Orange Pips” was written and set) is just too rich.

Almost as rich as one of those hot original glazed doughnuts.

It pays to know your literary history.

The Five Orange Pips

When I glance over my notes and records of the Sherlock Holmes cases between the years ’82 and ’90, I am faced by so many which present strange and interesting features that it is no easy matter to know which to choose and which to leave. Some, however, have already gained publicity through the papers, and others have not offered a field for those peculiar qualities which my friend possessed in so high a degree, and which it is the object of these papers to illustrate. Some, too, have baffled his analytical skill, and would be, as narratives, beginnings without an ending, while others have been but partially cleared up, and have their explanations founded rather upon conjecture and surmise than on that absolute logical proof which was so dear to him. There is, however, one of these last which was so remarkable in its details and so startling in its results that I am tempted to give some account of it in spite of the fact that there are points in connection with it which never have been, and probably never will be, entirely cleared up.

The year ’87 furnished us with a long series of cases of greater or less interest, of which I retain the records. Among my headings under this one twelve months I find an account of the adventure of the Paradol Chamber, of the Amateur Mendicant Society, who held a luxurious club in the lower vault of a furniture warehouse, of the facts connected with the loss of the British bark Sophy Anderson, of the singular adventures of the Grice Patersons in the island of Uffa, and finally of the Camberwell poisoning case. In the latter, as may be remembered, Sherlock Holmes was able, by winding up the dead man’s watch, to prove that it had been wound up two hours before, and that therefore the deceased had gone to bed within that time — a deduction which was of the greatest importance in clearing up the case. All these I may sketch out at some future date, but none of them present such singular features as the strange train of circumstances which I have now taken up my pen to describe.

It was in the latter days of September, and the equinoctial gales had set in with exceptional violence. All day the wind had screamed and the rain had beaten against the windows, so that even here in the heart of great, hand-made London we were forced to raise our minds for the instant from the routine of life and to recognize the presence of those great elemental forces which shriek at mankind through the bars of his civilization, like untamed beasts in a cage. As evening drew in, the storm grew higher and louder, and the wind cried and sobbed like a child in the chimney. Sherlock Holmes sat moodily at one side of the fireplace cross-indexing his records of crime, while I at the other was deep in one of Clark Russell’s fine sea-stories until the howl of the gale from without seemed to blend with the text, and the splash of the rain to lengthen out into the long swash of the sea waves. My wife was on a visit to her mother’s, and for a few days I was a dweller once more in my old quarters at Baker Street.

“Why,” said I, glancing up at my companion, “that was surely the bell. Who could come to-night? Some friend of yours, perhaps?”

“Except yourself I have none,” he answered. “I do not encourage visitors.”

“If so, it is a serious case. Nothing less would bring a man out on such a day and at such an hour. But I take it that it is more likely to be some crony of the landlady’s.”

Sherlock Holmes was wrong in his conjecture, however, for there came a step in the passage and a tapping at the door. He stretched out his long arm to turn the lamp away from himself and towards the vacant chair upon which a newcomer must sit.

“Come in!” said he.

The man who entered was young, some two-and-twenty at the outside, well-groomed and trimly clad, with something of refinement and delicacy in his bearing. The streaming umbrella which he held in his hand, and his long shining waterproof told of the fierce weather through which he had come. He looked about him anxiously in the glare of the lamp, and I could see that his face was pale and his eyes heavy, like those of a man who is weighed down with some great anxiety.

“l owe you an apology,” he said, raising his golden pince-nez to his eyes. “I trust that I am not intruding. I fear that I have brought some traces of the storm and rain into your snug chamber.”

“Give me your coat and umbrella,” said Holmes. “They may rest here on the hook and will be dry presently. You have come up from the south-west, I see.”

“Yes, from Horsham.”

“That clay and chalk mixture which I see upon your toe caps is quite distinctive.”

“I have come for advice.”

“That is easily got.”

“That is not always so easy.”

“I have heard of you, Mr. Holmes. I heard from Major Prendergast how you saved him in the Tankerville Club scandal.”

“Ah, of course. He was wrongfully accused of cheating at cards.”

“He said that you could solve anything.”

“He said too much.”

“That you are never beaten.”

“I have been beaten four times – three times by men, and once by a woman.”

“But what is that compared with the number of your successes?”

“It is true that I have been generally successful.”

“Then you may be so with me.”

“I beg that you will draw your chair up to the fire and favour me with some details as to your case.”

“It is no ordinary one.”

“None of those which come to me are. I am the last court of appeal.”

“And yet I question, sir, whether, in all your experience, you have ever listened to a more mysterious and inexplicable chain of events than those which have happened in my own family.”

“You fill me with interest,” said Holmes. “Pray give us the essential facts from the commencement, and I can afterwards question you as to those details which seem to me to be most important.”

The young man pulled his chair up and pushed his wet feet out towards the blaze.

“My name,” said he, “is John Openshaw, but my own affairs have, as far as I can understand, little to do with this awful business. It is a hereditary matter; so in order to give you an idea of the facts, I must go back to the commencement of the affair.

“You must know that my grandfather had two sons — my uncle Elias and my father Joseph. My father had a small factory at Coventry, which he enlarged at the time of the invention of bicycling. He was a patentee of the Openshaw unbreakable tire, and his business met with such success that he was able to sell it and to retire upon a handsome competence.

“My uncle Elias emigrated to America when he was a young man and became a planter in Florida, where he was reported to have done very well. At the time of the war he fought in Jackson’s army, and afterwards under Hood, where he rose to be a colonel. When Lee laid down his arms my uncle returned to his plantation, where he remained for three or four years. About 1869 or 1870 he came back to Europe and took a small estate in Sussex, near Horsham. He had made a very considerable fortune in the States, and his reason for leaving them was his aversion to the negroes, and his dislike of the Republican policy in extending the franchise to them. He was a singular man, fierce and quick-tempered, very foul-mouthed when he was angry, and of a most retiring disposition. During all the years that he lived at Horsham, I doubt if ever he set foot in the town. He had a garden and two or three fields round his house, and there he would take his exercise, though very often for weeks on end he would never leave his room. He drank a great deal of brandy and smoked very heavily, but he would see no society and did not want any friends, not even his own brother.

“He didn’t mind me; in fact, he took a fancy to me, for at the time when he saw me first I was a youngster of twelve or so. This would be in the year 1878, after he had been eight or nine years in England. He begged my father to let me live with him and he was very kind to me in his way. When he was sober he used to be fond of playing backgammon and draughts with me, and he would make me his representative both with the servants and with the tradespeople, so that by the time that I was sixteen I was quite master of the house. I kept all the keys and could go where I liked and do what I liked, so long as I did not disturb him in his privacy. There was one singular exception, however, for he had a single room, a lumber-room up among the attics, which was invariably locked, and which he would never permit either me or anyone else to enter. With a boy’s curiosity I have peeped through the keyhole, but I was never able to see more than such a collection of old trunks and bundles as would be expected in such a room.

“One day — it was in March, 1883 — a letter with a foreign stamp lay upon the table in front of the colonel’s plate. It was not a common thing for him to receive letters, for his bills were all paid in ready money, and he had no friends of any sort. ‘From India!’ said he as he took it up, ‘Pondicherry postmark! What can this be?’ Opening it hurriedly, out there jumped five little dried orange pips, which pattered down upon his plate. I began to laugh at this, but the laugh was struck from my lips at the sight of his face. His lip had fallen, his eyes were protruding, his skin the colour of putty, and he glared at the envelope which he still held in his trembling hand, ‘K. K. K.!’ he shrieked, and then, ‘My God, my God, my sins have overtaken me!’

” ‘What is it, uncle?’ I cried.

” ‘Death,’ said he, and rising from the table he retired to his room, leaving me palpitating with horror. I took up the envelope and saw scrawled in red ink upon the inner flap, just above the gum, the letter K three times repeated. There was nothing else save the five dried pips. What could be the reason of his over-powering terror? I left the breakfast-table, and as I ascended the stair I met him coming down with an old rusty key, which must have belonged to the attic, in one hand, and a small brass box, like a cashbox, in the other.

” ‘They may do what they like, but I’ll checkmate them still,’ said he with an oath. ‘Tell Mary that I shall want a fire in my room to-day, and send down to Fordham, the Horsham lawyer.’

“I did as he ordered, and when the lawyer arrived I was asked to step up to the room. The fire was burning brightly, and in the grate there was a mass of black, fluffy ashes, as of burned paper, while the brass box stood open and empty beside it. As I glanced at the box I noticed, with a start, that upon the lid was printed the treble K which I had read in the morning upon the envelope.

” ‘I wish you, John,’ said my uncle, ‘to witness my will. I leave my estate, with all its advantages and all its disadvantages, to my brother, your father, whence it will, no doubt, descend to you. If you can enjoy it in peace, well and good! If you find you cannot, take my advice, my boy, and leave it to your deadliest enemy. I am sorry to give you such a two-edged thing, but I can’t say what turn things are going to take. Kindly sign the paper where Mr. Fordham shows you.’

“I signed the paper as directed, and the lawyer took it away with him. The singular incident made, as you may think, the deepest impression upon me, and I pondered over it and turned it every way in my mind without being able to make anything of it. Yet I could not shake off the vague feeling of dread which it left behind, though the sensation grew less keen as the weeks passed and nothing happened to disturb the usual routine of our lives. I could see a change in my uncle, however. He drank more than ever, and he was less inclined for any sort of society. Most of his time he would spend in his room, with the door locked upon the inside, but sometimes he would emerge in a sort of drunken frenzy and would burst out of the house and tear about the garden with a revolver in his hand, screaming out that he was afraid of no man, and that he was not to be cooped up, like a sheep in a pen, by man or devil. When these hot fits were over however, he would rush tumultuously in at the door and lock and bar it behind him, like a man who can brazen it out no longer against the terror which lies at the roots of his soul. At such times I have seen his face, even on a cold day, glisten with moisture, as though it were new raised from a basin.

“Well, to come to an end of the matter, Mr. Holmes, and not to abuse your patience, there came a night when he made one of those drunken sallies from which he never came back. We found him, when we went to search for him, face downward in a little green-scummed pool, which lay at the foot of the garden. There was no sign of any violence, and the water was but two feet deep, so that the jury, having regard to his known eccentricity, brought in a verdict of ‘suicide.’ But I, who knew how he winced from the very thought of death, had much ado to persuade myself that he had gone out of his way to meet it. The matter passed, however, and my father entered into possession of the estate, and of some 14,000 pounds, which lay to his credit at the bank.”

“One moment,” Holmes interposed, “your statement is, I foresee, one of the most remarkable to which I have ever listened. Let me have the date of the reception by your uncle of the letter, and the date of his supposed suicide.”

“The letter arrived on March 10, 1883. His death was seven weeks later, upon the night of May 2d.”

“Thank you. Pray proceed.”

“When my father took over the Horsham property, he, at my request, made a careful examination of the attic, which had been always locked up. We found the brass box there, although its contents had been destroyed. On the inside of the cover was a paper label, with the initials of K. K. K. repeated upon it, and ‘Letters, memoranda, receipts, and a register’ written beneath. These, we presume, indicated the nature of the papers which had been destroyed by Colonel Openshaw. For the rest, there was nothing of much importance in the attic save a great many scattered papers and note-books bearing upon my uncle’s life in America. Some of them were of the war time and showed that he had done his duty well and had borne the repute of a brave soldier. Others were of a date during the reconstruction of the Southern states, and were mostly concerned with politics, for he had evidently taken a strong part in opposing the carpet-bag politicians who had been sent down from the North.

“Well, it was the beginning of ’84 when my father came to live at Horsham, and all went as well as possible with us until the January of ’85. On the fourth day after the new year I heard my father give a sharp cry of surprise as we sat together at the breakfast-table. There he was, sitting with a newly opened envelope in one hand and five dried orange pips in the outstretched palm of the other one. He had always laughed at what he called my cock-and-bull story about the colonel, but he looked very scared and puzzled now that the same thing had come upon himself.

” ‘Why, what on earth does this mean, John?’ he stammered.

“My heart had turned to lead. ‘It is K. K. K.,’ said I.

“He looked inside the envelope. ‘So it is,’ he cried. ‘Here are the very letters. But what is this written above them?’

” ‘Put the papers on the sundial,’ I read, peeping over his shoulder.

” ‘What papers? What sundial?’ he asked.

” ‘The sundial in the garden. There is no other,’ said I; ‘but the papers must be those that are destroyed.’

” ‘Pooh!’ said he, gripping hard at his courage. ‘We are in a civilized land here, and we can’t have tomfoolery of this kind. Where does the thing come from?’

” ‘From Dundee,’ I answered, glancing at the postmark.

” ‘Some preposterous practical joke,’ said he. ‘What have I to do with sundials and papers? I shall take no notice of such nonsense.’

” ‘I should certainly speak to the police,’ I said.

” ‘And be laughed at for my pains. Nothing of the sort.’

” ‘Then let me do so?’

” ‘No, I forbid you. I won’t have a fuss made about such nonsense.’

“It was in vain to argue with him, for he was a very obstinate man. I went about, however, with a heart which was full of forebodings.

“On the third day after the coming of the letter my father went from home to visit an old friend of his, Major Freebody, who is in command of one of the forts upon Portsdown Hill. I was glad that he should go, for it seemed to me that he was farther from danger when he was away from home. In that, however, I was in error. Upon the second day of his absence I received a telegram from the major, imploring me to come at once. My father had fallen over one of the deep chalk-pits which abound in the neighbourhood, and was lying senseless, with a shattered skull. I hurried to him, but he passed away without having ever recovered his consciousness. He had, as it appears, been returning from Fareham in the twilight, and as the country was unknown to him, and the chalk-pit unfenced, the jury had no hesitation in bringing in a verdict of ‘death from accidental causes.’ Carefully as I examined every fact connected with his death, I was unable to find anything which could suggest the idea of murder. There were no signs of violence, no footmarks, no robbery, no record of strangers having been seen upon the roads. And yet I need not tell you that my mind was far from at ease, and that I was well-nigh certain that some foul plot had been woven round him.

“In this sinister way I came into my inheritance. You will ask me why I did not dispose of it? I answer, because I was well convinced that our troubles were in some way dependent upon an incident in my uncle’s life, and that the danger would be as pressing in one house as in another.

“It was in January, ’85, that my poor father met his end, and two years and eight months have elapsed since then. During that time I have lived happily at Horsham, and I had begun to hope that this curse had passed way from the family, and that it had ended with the last generation. I had begun to take comfort too soon, however; yesterday morning the blow fell in the very shape in which it had come upon my father.”

The young man took from his waistcoat a crumpled envelope, and turning to the table he shook out upon it five little dried orange pips.

“This is the envelope,” he continued. “The postmark is London — eastern division. Within are the very words which were upon my father’s last message: ‘K. K. K.’; and then ‘Put the papers on the sundial.’ “

“What have you done?” asked Holmes.

“To tell the truth” — he sank his face into his thin, white hands — “I have felt helpless. I have felt like one of those poor rabbits when the snake is writhing towards it. I seem to be in the grasp of some resistless, inexorable evil, which no foresight and no precautions can guard against.”

“Tut! tut!” cried Sherlock Holmes. “You must act, man, or you are lost. Nothing but energy can save you. This is no time for despair.”

“I have seen the police.”

“But they listened to my story with a smile. I am convinced that the inspector has formed the opinion that the letters are all practical jokes, and that the deaths of my relations were really accidents, as the jury stated, and were not to be connected with the warnings.”

Holmes shook his clenched hands in the air. “Incredible imbecility!” he cried.

“They have, however, allowed me a policeman, who may remain in the house with me.”

“Has he come with you tonight?”

“No. His orders were to stay in the house.”

Again Holmes raved in the air.

“Why did you not come to me,” he cried, “and, above all, why did you not come at once?”

“I did not know. It was only today that I spoke to Major Prendergast about my troubles and was advised by him to come to you.”

“It is really two days since you had the letter. We should have acted before this. You have no further evidence, I suppose, than that which you have placed before us — no suggestive detail which might help us?”

“There is one thing,” said John Openshaw. He rummaged in his coat pocket, and, drawing out a piece of discoloured, blue-tinted paper, he laid it out upon the table. “I have some remembrance,” said he, “that on the day when my uncle burned the papers I observed that the small, unburned margins which lay amid the ashes were of this particular colour. I found this single sheet upon the floor of his room, and I am inclined to think that it may be one of the papers which has, perhaps, fluttered out from among the others, and in that way has escaped destruction. Beyond the mention of pips, I do not see that it helps us much. I think myself that it is a page from some private diary. The writing is undoubtedly my uncle’s.”

Holmes moved the lamp, and we both bent over the sheet of paper, which showed by its ragged edge that it had indeed been torn from a book. It was headed, “March, 1869,” and beneath were the following enigmatical notices:

4th. Hudson came. Same old platform.

7th. Set the pips on McCauley, Paramore, and John Swain, of St. Augustine.

9th. McCauley cleared.

10th. John Swain cleared.

12th. Visited Paramore. All well.

“Thank you!” said Holmes, folding up the paper and returning it to our visitor. “And now you must on no account lose another instant. We cannot spare time even to discuss what you have told me. You must get home instantly and act.”

“What shall I do?”

“There is but one thing to do. It must be done at once. You must put this piece of paper which you have shown us into the brass box which you have described. You must also put in a note to say that all the other papers were burned by your uncle, and that this is the only one which remains. You must assert that in such words as will carry conviction with them. Having done this, you must at once put the box out upon the sundial, as directed. Do you understand?”

“Do not think of revenge, or anything of the sort, at present. I think that we may gain that by means of the law; but we have our web to weave, while theirs is already woven. The first consideration is to remove the pressing danger which threatens you. The second is to clear up the mystery and to punish the guilty parties.”

“I thank you,” said the young man, rising and pulling on his overcoat. “You have given me fresh life and hope. I shall certainly do as you advise.”

“Do not lose an instant. And, above all, take care of yourself in the meanwhile, for I do not think that there can be a doubt that you are threatened by a very real and imminent danger. How do you go back?”

“By train from Waterloo.”

“It is not yet nine. The streets will be crowded, so l trust that you may be in safety. And yet you cannot guard yourself too closely.”

“That is well. To-morrow I shall set to work upon your case.”

“I shall see you at Horsham, then?”

“No, your secret lies in London. It is there that I shall seek it.”

“Then I shall call upon you in a day, or in two days, with news as to the box and the papers. I shall take your advice in every particular.” He shook hands with us and took his leave. Outside the wind still screamed and the rain splashed and pattered against the windows. This strange, wild story seemed to have come to us from amid the mad elements — blown in upon us like a sheet of sea-weed in a gale — and now to have been reabsorbed by them once more.

Sherlock Holmes sat for some time in silence, with his head sunk forward and his eyes bent upon the red glow of the fire. Then he lit his pipe, and leaning back in his chair he watched the blue smoke-rings as they chased each other up to the ceiling.

“I think, Watson,” he remarked at last, “that of all our cases we have had none more fantastic than this.”

“Save, perhaps, the Sign of Four.”

“Well, yes. Save, perhaps, that. And yet this John Openshaw seems to me to be walking amid even greater perils than did the Sholtos.”

“But have you,” I asked, “formed any definite conception as to what these perils are?”

“There can be no question as to their nature,” he answered.

“Then what are they? Who is this K. K. K., and why does he pursue this unhappy family?”

Sherlock Holmes closed his eyes and placed his elbows upon the arms of his chair, with his finger-tips together. “The ideal reasoner,” he remarked, “would, when he had once been shown a single fact in all its bearings, deduce from it not only all the chain of events which led up to it but also all the results which would follow from it. As Cuvier could correctly describe a whole animal by the contemplation of a single bone, so the observer who has thoroughly understood one link in a series of incidents should be able to accurately state all the other ones, both before and after. We have not yet grasped the results which the reason alone can attain to. Problems may be solved in the study which have baffled all those who have sought a solution by the aid of their senses. To carry the art, however, to its highest pitch, it is necessary that the reasoner should be able to utilize all the facts which have come to his knowledge; and this in itself implies, as you will readily see, a possession of all knowledge, which, even in these days of free education and encyclopaedias, is a somewhat rare accomplishment. It is not so impossible, however, that a man should possess all knowledge which is likely to be useful to him in his work, and this I have endeavoured in my case to do. If I remember rightly, you on one occasion, in the early days of our friendship, defined my limits in a very precise fashion.”

“Yes,” I answered, laughing. “It was a singular document. Philosophy, astronomy, and politics were marked at zero, I remember. Botany variable, geology profound as regards the mud-stains from any region within fifty miles of town, chemistry eccentric, anatomy unsystematic, sensational literature and crime records unique, violin-player, boxer, swordsman, lawyer, and self-poisoner by cocaine and tobacco. Those, I think, were the main points of my analysis.”

Holmes grinned at the last item. “Well,” he said, “I say now, as I said then, that a man should keep his little brain-attic stocked with all the furniture that he is likely to use, and the rest he can put away in the lumber-room of his library, where he can get it if he wants it. Now, for such a case as the one which has been submitted to us to-night, we need certainly to muster all our resources. Kindly hand me down the letter K of the American Encyclopaedia which stands upon the shelf beside you. Thank you. Now let us consider the situation and see what may be deduced from it. In the first place, we may start with a strong presumption that Colonel Openshaw had some very strong reason for leaving America. Men at his time of life do not change all their habits and exchange willingly the charming climate of Florida for the lonely life of an English provincial town. His extreme love of solitude in England suggests the idea that he was in fear of someone or something, so we may assume as a working hypothesis that it was fear of someone or something which drove him from America. As to what it was he feared, we can only deduce that by considering the formidable letters which were received by himself and his successors. Did you remark the postmarks of those letters?”

“The first was from Pondicherry, the second from Dundee, and the third from London.”

“From East London. What do you deduce from that?”

“They are all seaports. That the writer was on board of a ship.”

“Excellent. We have already a clue. There can be no doubt that the probability — the strong probability — is that the writer was on board of a ship. And now let us consider another point. In the case of Pondicherry, seven weeks elapsed between the threat and its fulfillment, in Dundee it was only some three or four days. Does that suggest anything?”

“A greater distance to travel.”

“But the letter had also a greater distance to come.”

“Then I do not see the point.”

“There is at least a presumption that the vessel in which the man or men are is a sailing-ship. It looks as if they always sent their singular warning or token before them when starting upon their mission. You see how quickly the deed followed the sign when it came from Dundee. If they had come from Pondicherry in a steamer they would have arrived almost as soon as their letter. But, as a matter of fact, seven weeks elapsed. I think that those seven weeks represented the difference between the mail-boat which brought the letter and the sailing vessel which brought the writer.”

“More than that. It is probable. And now you see the deadly urgency of this new case, and why I urged young Openshaw to caution. The blow has always fallen at the end of the time which it would take the senders to travel the distance. But this one comes from London, and therefore we cannot count upon delay.”

“Good God!” I cried. “What can it mean, this relentless persecution?”

“The papers which Openshaw carried are obviously of vital importance to the person or persons in the sailing-ship. I think that it is quite clear that there must be more than one of them. A single man could not have carried out two deaths in such a way as to deceive a coroner’s jury. There must have been several in it, and they must have been men of resource and determination. Their papers they mean to have, be the holder of them who it may. In this way you see K. K. K. ceases to be the initials of an individual and becomes the badge of a society.”

“But of what society?”

“Have you never –” said Sherlock Holmes, bending forward and sinking his voice –“have you never heard of the Ku Klux Klan?”

Holmes turned over the leaves of the book upon his knee. “Here it is,” said he presently:

“Ku Klux Klan. A name derived from the fanciful resemblance to the sound produced by cocking a rifle. This terrible secret society was formed by some ex-Confederate soldiers in the Southern states after the Civil War, and it rapidly formed local branches in different parts of the country, notably in Tennessee, Louisiana, the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida. Its power was used for political purposes, principally for the terrorizing of the negro voters and the murdering and driving from the country of those who were opposed to its views. Its outrages were usually preceded by a warning sent to the marked man in some fantastic but generally recognized shape — a sprig of oak-leaves in some parts, melon seeds or orange pips in others. On receiving this the victim might either openly abjure his former ways, or might fly from the country. If he braved the matter out, death would unfailingly come upon him, and usually in some strange and unforeseen manner. So perfect was the organization of the society, and so systematic its methods, that there is hardly a case upon record where any man succeeded in braving it with impunity, or in which any of its outrages were traced home to the perpetrators. For some years the organization flourished in spite of the efforts of the United States government and of the better classes of the community in the South. Eventually, in the year 1869, the movement rather suddenly collapsed, although there have been sporadic outbreaks of the same sort since that date.

“You will observe,” said Holmes, laying down the volume, “that the sudden breaking up of the society was coincident with the disappearance of Openshaw from America with their papers. It may well have been cause and effect. It is no wonder that he and his family have some of the more implacable spirits upon their track. You can understand that this register and diary may implicate some of the first men in the South, and that there may be many who will not sleep easy at night until it is recovered.”

“Then the page we have seen –“

“Is such as we might expect. It ran, if I remember right, ‘sent the pips to A, B, and C’ — that is, sent the society’s warning to them. Then there are successive entries that A and B cleared, or left the country, and finally that C was visited, with, I fear, a sinister result for C. Well, I think, Doctor, that we may let some light into this dark place, and I believe that the only chance young Openshaw has in the meantime is to do what I have told him. There is nothing more to be said or to be done to-night, so hand me over my violin and let us try to forget for half an hour the miserable weather and the still more miserable ways of our fellowmen.”

It had cleared in the morning, and the sun was shining with a subdued brightness through the dim veil which hangs over the great city. Sherlock Holmes was already at breakfast when I came down.

“You will excuse me for not waiting for you,” said he; “I have, I foresee, a very busy day before me in looking into this case of young Openshaw’s.”

“What steps will you take?” I asked.

“It will very much depend upon the results of my first inquiries. I may have to go down to Horsham, after all.”

“You will not go there first?”

“No, I shall commence with the City. Just ring the bell and the maid will bring up your coffee.”

As I waited, I lifted the unopened newspaper from the table and glanced my eye over it. It rested upon a heading which sent a chill to my heart.

“Holmes,” I cried, “you are too late.”

“Ah!” said he, laying down his cup, “I feared as much. How was it done?” He spoke calmly, but I could see that he was deeply moved.

“My eye caught the name of Openshaw, and the heading ‘Tragedy Near Waterloo Bridge.’ Here is the account:

“Between nine and ten last night Police-Constable Cook, of the H Division, on duty near Waterloo Bridge, heard a cry for help and a splash in the water. The night, however, was extremely dark and stormy, so that, in spite of the help of several passers-by, it was quite impossible to effect a rescue. The alarm, however, was given, and, by the aid of the water-police, the body was eventually recovered. It proved to be that of a young gentleman whose name, as it appears from an envelope which was found in his pocket, was John Openshaw, and whose residence is near Horsham. It is conjectured that he may have been hurrying down to catch the last train from Waterloo Station, and that in his haste and the extreme darkness he missed his path and walked over the edge of one of the small landing-places for river steamboats. The body exhibited no traces of violence, and there can be no doubt that the deceased had been the victim of an unfortunate accident, which should have the effect of calling the attention of the authorities to the condition of the riverside landing-stages.”

We sat in silence for some minutes, Holmes more depressed and shaken than I had ever seen him.

“That hurts my pride, Watson,” he said at last. “It is a petty feeling, no doubt, but it hurts my pride. It becomes a personal matter with me now, and, if God sends me health, I shall set my hand upon this gang. That he should come to me for help, and that I should send him away to his death –!” He sprang from his chair and paced about the room in uncontrollable agitation, with a flush upon his sallow cheeks and a nervous clasping and unclasping of his long thin hands.

“They must be cunning devils,” he exclaimed at last. “How could they have decoyed him down there? The Embankment is not on the direct line to the station. The bridge, no doubt, was too crowded, even on such a night, for their purpose. Well, Watson, we shall see who will win in the long run. I am going out now!”

“No; I shall be my own police. When I have spun the web they may take the flies, but not before.”

All day I was engaged in my professional work, and it was late in the evening before I returned to Baker Street. Sherlock Holmes had not come back yet. It was nearly ten o’clock before he entered, looking pale and worn. He walked up to the sideboard, and tearing a piece from the loaf he devoured it voraciously, washing it down with a long draught of water.

“You are hungry,” I remarked.

“Starving. It had escaped my memory. I have had nothing since breakfast.”

“Not a bite. I had no time to think of it.”

“And how have you succeeded?”

“You have a clue?”

“I have them in the hollow of my hand. Young Openshaw shall not long remain unavenged. Why, Watson, let us put their own devilish trade-mark upon them. It is well thought of!”

“What do you mean?”

He took an orange from the cupboard, and tearing it to pieces he squeezed out the pips upon the table. Of these he took five and thrust them into an envelope. On the inside of the flap he wrote “S. H. for J. O.” Then he sealed it and addressed it to “Captain James Calhoun, Bark Lone Star, Savannah, Georgia.”

“That will await him when he enters port,” said he, chuckling. “It may give him a sleepless night. He will find it as sure a precursor of his fate as Openshaw did before him.”

“And who is this Captain Calhoun?”

“The leader of the gang. I shall have the others, but he first.”

“How did you trace it, then?”

He took a large sheet of paper from his pocket, all covered with dates and names.

“I have spent the whole day,” said he, “over Lloyd’s registers and files of the old papers, following the future career of every vessel which touched at Pondicherry in January and February in ’83. There were thirty-six ships of fair tonnage which were reported there during those months. Of these, one, the Lone Star, instantly attracted my attention, since, although it was reported as having cleared from London, the name is that which is given to one of the states of the Union.”

“I was not and am not sure which; but I knew that the ship must have an American origin.”

“I searched the Dundee records, and when I found that the bark Lone Star was there in January, ’85, my suspicion became a certainty. I then inquired as to the vessels which lay at present in the port of London.”

“The Lone Star had arrived here last week. I went down to the Albert Dock and found that she had been taken down the river by the early tide this morning, homeward bound to Savannah. I wired to Gravesend and learned that she had passed some time ago, and as the wind is easterly I have no doubt that she is now past the Goodwins and not very far from the Isle of Wight.”

“What will you do, then?”

“Oh, I have my hand upon him. He and the two mates, are as I learn, the only native-born Americans in the ship. The others are Finns and Germans. I know, also, that they were all three away from the ship last night. I had it from the stevedore who has been loading their cargo. By the time that their sailing-ship reaches Savannah the mail-boat will have carried this letter, and the cable will have informed the police of Savannah that these three gentlemen are badly wanted here upon a charge of murder.”

There is ever a flaw, however, in the best laid of human plans, and the murderers of John Openshaw were never to receive the orange pips which would show them that another, as cunning and as resolute as themselves, was upon their track. Very long and very severe were the equinoctial gales that year. We waited long for news of the Lone Star of Savannah, but none ever reached us. We did at last hear that somewhere far out in the Atlantic a shattered stern-post of the boat was seen swinging in the trough of a wave, with the letters “L. S.” carved upon it, and that is all which we shall ever know of the fate of the Lone Star.

The Five Orange Pips When I glance over my notes and records of the Sherlock Holmes cases between the years ’82 and ’90, I am faced by so many which present strange and interesting features that

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Pineapple Trainwreck

an unknown / legendary cannabis strain

Here you can find all info about the unknown / legendary cannabis variety Pineapple Trainwreck. If you are searching for information about the unknown / legendary Pineapple Trainwreck, check out our Basic Infos, Lineage / Genealogy or Hybrids / Crossbreeds for this cannabis variety here at this page and follow the links to get even more information. If you have any personal experiences with growing or consuming this cannabis variety, please use the upload links to add them to the database!

Basic Strain Info

Pineapple Trainwreck is a mostly sativa variety from unknown origin and can be cultivated indoors and outdoors . .

What do we know about the unknown/legendary Pineapple Trainwreck?

Bring together the popular clear-headed effects of Pineapple Express and the pain relief qualities of Trainwreck and you get this happy sativa. Pineapple Trainwreck has an earthy aroma and a fruity flavor that usually takes more after its pineapple parent. Long-lasting and potent, this strain hits hard at first, but mellows into a state where being sociable or getting things done is possible. The buzz tends to be more mellow than active, though, so don’t be surprised if verbal activity is all you get around to.

Pineapple Trainwreck an unknown / legendary cannabis strain Here you can find all info about the unknown / legendary cannabis variety Pineapple Trainwreck . If you are searching for

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greenhouse weed strain

The best strains to grow in a greenhouse

Before investing in a greenhouse, it’s a good idea to think about all the problems often involved with growing weed outdoors. Unpredictable weather, nosy neighbours, marijuana theft, exposure to diseases and pests, insect cross-pollination that could ruin your perfect strain – all these could lead to a poor harvest and ruin your efforts.

Growing your cannabis in the safety of a greenhouse is an effective way of preventing or reducing all these adverse situations. Using a greenhouse provides a controlled environment which your weed plants love. Moreover, after the initial set up costs, a greenhouse is an extremely economical and environmentally friendly way of maximising the natural resources of light and heat.

Yet, some types of weed are better suited for greenhouse life than others. The temperature in the greenhouse, for example, is vital to how well the strain can photosynthesise. Its therefore most important to select the right strain for your growhouse culture, but what are the best strains to grow in a greenhouse?

Safeguarding the genetic makeup of your cannabis strain

One particular advantage offered by a greenhouse is the maintenance of the genetic stability and quality of their strains. To establish a successful growing season with maximum yield, cultivators need to choose high-quality strains of marijuana. Viewing your seeds as an asset is vital if you want to optimise the benefits of growing in the confines of a greenhouse. Allowing your quality investment to grow in the wilds of your garden gives you the likelihood of altering its genetic composition when they become cross-fertilised via outside interference, such as wind, the touch of insects, animals or humans.

Top 5 best strains to grow in a greenhouse

The dual actions of spending money on high-quality seeds and growing them in a greenhouse should result in an excellent yield throughout the year while maintaining the quality of the strain. At weedseedsexpress.com you will find seeds to suit virtually all set-ups and climates. Here are our top five strains for growing in a greenhouse:

1. Blue Dream

Blue Dream is the best strain to grow in a greenhouse and in most cases, guarantees its full potential. A wonderful strain with beautiful purple and violet hues, this marijuana plant looks highly attractive.

Effects

Blue Dream Auto is a hybrid with a lemony and wood-smoke aroma and a taste with hints of citronella, cedar, woodland berries and Haze. The result is a long-lasting, powerful high that provides clarity and promotes conversation and socialisation. For Haze enthusiasts and connoisseurs.

Growing

Blue Dream Auto will thrive indoors if given good lighting and a rich diet. Outdoors it thrives in temperate, dry, warm and Mediterranean climates, and in a greenhouse in places where sunshine and heat are unreliable. If you are thinking of investing in seeds to grow in a greenhouse, Blue Dream should undoubtedly be included in your list of contenders.

Reading tip: check our feminized Blue Dream seeds

2. Gorilla Glue

Gorilla Glue is a medium-density hybrid and features very light green calyxes and notoriously sticky trichomes. The aroma of the Gorilla Glue flowers is sweet with hints of sharp sourness that tends to vary from batch to batch. Burnt flowers produce a very strong skunk perfume that hangs heavily in the air.

Effects

Gorilla Glue was bred explicitly for maximum THC content, and the flavour of Gorilla Glue can be a bit bland compared to other strains. The high is very gentle – an initial euphoric rush leading into several hours of mild relaxation.

Growing

Gorilla Glue loves to be grown in a greenhouse and will reward you with increased yields. Take care that the pots are large enough to avoid root bind. Don’t overwater and take great care when providing nutrients, ensuring that it receives the correct ratio at the right time.

3. White Widow

White Widow is famous worldwide, especially among travellers to Amsterdam, perhaps the most cannabis-friendly city in the world. Amsterdam and other Dutch cities that allow tourists to smoke cannabis regularly sell White Widow in their coffee shops.

Effects

There is a little something about this variety that makes it sell very well in the Netherlands. Perhaps it’s that lovely pine aroma? It might be the sensual yet cerebral high, which finds a smart balance between the Sativa and Indica elements of this strain. The high results from the powerful psychedelic impact of its 19% or more THC.

Growing

White Widow is one of the trickiest strains to grow, which makes it ideal for growing in a greenhouse as it is easier to get the temperature and humidity levels precisely right. Keep levels above 21 degrees Celsius by day and don’t let them drop below 15 at night. Humidity levels should be high during the germination phase and then decreased gradually back until flowering when they should be as low as 30 to 40%. To do this, you will need greenhouse windows that open and a hygrometer.

4. Super Silver Haze

Super Silver Haze is a weed that tends to give users a generous body high, rather than a cerebral buzz. It relaxes the smoker and might even send them to sleep rather than filling them with energy

Super Silver Haze has scents and flavours that are best described as pine and fruity, which provide a sense of well-being after smoking. This feeling is loved by most smokers, which explains the popularity of Super Silver Haze. The finest effects of Super Silver Haze are euphoria, energy, bursts of creativity, increased appetite and a full-body high.

Growing

While Super Silver Haze might be more forgiving than other Sativas, you need to keep an eye on its nutrition and environment, which makes it ideal for growing in a greenhouse. This strain enjoys warmth and humidity, so be sure the temperature of your greenhouse is a constant between 70-80ºF (21-27ºC). Cultivators in the Northern Hemisphere can expect to harvest in mid-October.

Reading tip: check our feminized Super Silver Haze seeds

5. Northern Lights

We end our top 5 best strains for greenhouse culture with another popular variety from Dutch coffee shops. The classic Indica, Northern Lights. Dispensaries in North America have also experienced high demand for this variety. Its Indica qualities present a distinctive taste. The spicy notes of incense, earth and pine recall its Afghan heritage. The fruity flavours of these feminised seeds combine to create a complex and sensual profile.

Effects

Northern Lights combines an uplifting high with a massive stone resulting in a very balanced and long-lasting buzz.

Growing

Northern Lights is one of the most straightforward strains of cannabis to grow, and Northern Lights Auto is even easier. If growing in a greenhouse, you can look forward to rapid growth and generous yields, taking as little as eight weeks to reach 800 gr/m2!

Planning a greenhouse grow? Check our top 5 Best strains to grow in a greenhouse! Buy at Weedseedsexpress and get 20% FREE seeds + FREE shipping!

Indoor, Outdoor and Greenhouse Cannabis: What’s the Difference?

Monday January 29, 2018

L egal cannabis sales have afforded customers the ability to choose from many forms of marijuana – edibles, topicals, concentrates, and so on – and in states like Oregon, those options include choices between indoor, outdoor, and greenhouse grown cannabis, too. But how exactly does the result differ between the three types of marijuana? The answer may surprise you.

The Truth About Outdoor Cannabis

Cannabis is designed to withstand variable conditions to flourish for generations (in other words, it grows like a weed), and has evolved all sorts of traits to help it withstand environmental stressors: quick grow periods, beautiful accessory coloring, sturdy stock, and so on.

But marijuana’s fantastic ability to evolve and adapt to its environment has also brought with it some unfavorable consequences. For example, stressed female cannabis plants may produce seeds to protect the next generation, and a quicker growth period or weather fluctuations may result in lower trichrome content when grown outdoors.

Outdoor cannabis may also be lacking in aesthetics (buds won’t be as pretty) which is due to a few factors. First, marijuana grown outdoors will stretch as it grows because of the abundant light and ample space which results in fluffier weed instead of those dense nugs you see in connoisseur magazines. Likewise, large harvest sizes produced by outdoor grows may result in a sloppy trim job as trimmers trudge through pound after pound of product come harvest time.

But that doesn’t mean outdoor cannabis doesn’t have its place in the industry. By growing outdoors, cultivators can produce large quantities of product with minimal resources which translates into a cheaper product for the consumer and helps cannabis remain accessible for those who need it.

Outdoor cannabis makes an excellent choice for DIY cannabis products, too!

We recommend strains like Critical Mass, Killer Queen or Sour Diesel for outdoor grows due to their high, potent yield with minimal effort. Resilient to the elements, these strains will thrive on natural sun and produce large yields and picture-perfect colas when fed and watered correctly.

Potency and Yield of Indoor Grown Cannabis

What started as a covert solution to an illegal trade has become the secret to cultivating premium, award-winning strains. When growing cannabis indoors, growers can focus their attention on a smaller number of plants, monitoring growth patterns, nutrient needs and so on with ease. This hands-on approach has allowed growers to perfect their practice in controlled environments, using a variety of techniques to increase potency, perfect flavor and improve appearance all within a smaller space.

Buds grown indoors tend to be smaller and denser (with a much cleaner trim job), but their trichome content is typically much higher. The flavor and cannabinoid profile of indoor cannabis plants are often on point, as well, thanks to the ability of growers closely monitor the maturation rate of trichomes for perfectly timed harvests.

This increased potency and premium flavor has made indoor cannabis especially appealing to connoisseurs who are willing to pay top dollar for their premium cannabis products. Of course, this also means higher prices for the average consumer, as well, but fortunately, there’s a happy medium that harnesses the best of both worlds: greenhouse cannabis.

Ideal strains for growing cannabis indoors include Skunk #1, Strawberry Haze, and Big Wreck because they do well in controlled environments, producing tall, dense buds in relatively small spaces. Indoor cannabis flowering time is often shorter than outdoor-grown cannabis and is much easier to tell when it is time to harvest.

Growing Cannabis in Greenhouses

Cannabis can be a finicky plant, producing seeds or dropping its trichome production as the result of stress, so keeping the girls happy and stress-free while they grow is imperative to developing quality cannabis. That means controlling the environment, the light schedule and all contaminants that may make their way into a grow area, as well.

Greenhouses allow growers to monitor their crops on a larger scale and grow them continuously throughout the season.

They utilize sunlight whenever possible, thus reducing electricity costs while keeping the plants enclosed and protected from the elements at all times. Provided the plants are trained properly using netting to support substantial growth while encouraging airflow, greenhouse-grown cannabis can easily be grown pesticide and mildew free, and the potency comparable to indoor cannabis despite its potentially larger size.

Some of the best strains to grow in a greenhouse include Northern Lights, Tahoe OG, and Jack Flash due to their large size, resistance to mold and pests, and their ability to withstand slight temperature fluctuations.

Takeaways

One of the best things about the legalization of cannabis has been the considerable selection of cannabis products that have become available to us. Of course, being an educated consumer means understanding products and their price points so that you can make the best decisions for your health and your wallet. So, if your dispensary offers a variety of cannabis, ask your budtender for more information on the difference between indoor, outdoor and greenhouse cannabis. You might just find a new favorite strain!

Interested in growing? Click here to purchase a grow kit and start growing today!

Have you ever compared the differences between outdoor, indoor, and greenhouse grown marijuana? What did you notice?

If you're into cannabis, then you may know there are several methods for cultivating marijuana. Learn about three different cultivation methods: indoor, outdoor and greenhouse.