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does weed stunt your growth

Smoking marijuana may cause early puberty and stunts growth in boys

Boys who smoke marijuana go through puberty earlier but grow more slowly than those who have never smoked the drug according to a study presented today at the European Congress of Endocrinology in Dublin, Ireland. The findings will lead to a better understanding of the dangers of drug abuse on growth and development of children.

Scientists at the Pir Mehr Ali Shah Agriculture University Rawalpindi in Pakistan studied the levels of certain hormones involved in growth and puberty in the blood of 220 non-smoking and 217 marijuana-addicted boys. Levels of puberty-related hormones such as testosterone and luteinising hormone (LH) were increased in the marijuana smokers. In contrast, growth hormone levels were decreased in this group. It was also found that non-smoking boys were on average 4 kg heavier and 4.6 inches taller by the age of 20 than the marijuana smokers.

The research team, led by Dr. Syed Shakeel Raza Rizvi, also looked at the effect of smoking marijuana on levels of the stress hormone, cortisol, in 10 marijuana addicts; they found that marijuana smokers have significantly higher levels of cortisol than non-smokers. Dr Rizvi hypothesises that, ―marijuana use may provoke a stress response that stimulates onset of puberty but suppresses growth rate.

Marijuana is the most widely available illicit drug in Europe, it is estimated that it has been used by 80.5 million Europeans at least once in their life. The latest report from the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) reveals that the highest prevalence of marijuana use is in 15 — 24 year olds and is significantly higher among males than females. Previous studies have looked at the effect of smoking marijuana in adult rats and humans but this is the first time that the effects have been looked at in pubertal boys.

The research may have a wider impact than just health. ―Early puberty is associated with younger age of onset of drinking and smoking, and early matures have higher levels of substance abuse because they enter the risk period at an early level of emotional maturity,‖ explained Dr. Rizvi.

Boys who smoke marijuana go through puberty earlier but grow more slowly than those who have never smoked the drug according to a new study.

Does smoking weed stunt your growth

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I want to know about how to quot weed and how to handle withdrawl symptoms of smoking weed? Hope u could suggest something which helps?

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Does smoking stunt height i have been smoking for 4 months aand im 16 does this means i stunned my height ? how to recover if so

Asked for Male, 16 Years 1649 Views v

Sir I am smoking weed for 3 years now I have flatulence and belching problem and now I smoke weed I feel unconscious and feel my blood move to fast in my abdominal region can u explain does it sign of colon cancer or something else

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Can i smoke weed once a week if i have alcoholic fatty liver and mild fatty pancreas and sore throat?

Asked for Male, 20 Years 175 Views v

I smoke 1 weed joint every day and eats food and drinks water a lot.So how will smoking affect my healt.

Asked for Male, 24 Years 1900 Views v

I had massive panic attack tomorrow after smoking weed,my heart was paining and bp was high, not able to breath, vomited and was feeling complete dizzy, it was for 3-4 hrs but now also I having some of it, though intensity is less.my cardiac markers are normal , ecg is normal , but should I do know, once I smoked earlier also same thing happened

Asked for Male, 26 Years 110 Views v

Since last 3 years my height is stunted at 5″2′ and now I am 18, my parent’s height average is 4″9′. What to do? How much growth is possible?

Asked for Male, 18 Years 825 Views v

I am a 15 year old and have been advised to not do pushups as they stunt height growth. Is this true or is it just a myth?

Asked for Male, 15 Years 3278 Views v

I am currently 15 years old and 5″8 in height. I have just started doing 7.5 kg dumbells. Will it stunt my growth or it is just a myth? Please respond as soon as possible. Thank you!

Asked for Male, 15 Years 87 Views v

Hello doctor tomorrow at night I smoked weed , after that I started having severe chest pain fainting and vomiting and difficulty in breathing plus squeezing feeling at left chest.i tried to sleep but it got worse, I went to hospital emergency bp was 150/80 plus pulse was 138 , they gave fluids and paracetamol injection but I was feeling same, my c

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Asked for Male, 16 Years 146 Views v

I am Amit(40 yrs, asthmatic) , I was addict to alcohol for 15 yrs, In 2016 i left alcohol completely but I started smoking weed. Its been 2 years now and what i observed and felt is that i didn’t take my inhaler(Foracart) from 6 months, I think weed somehow helped me in my asthma. But the problem now is that i also want to quit smoking weed. So, I

Asked for Male, 40 Years 107 Views v

I had shaved my head and after shaving i used to wear cap i think thats why my hair growth is became slow . Give some suggestion plzz..

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I have not been able to grow taller in the last 3-4 years. I am worried with my height. I would like a professional opinion whether further height growth is a possible at my age

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I want to know that can I smoke weed few times as I am suffering with latent tb. Its been a month that I left smoking.

Asked for Male, 26 Years 485 Views v

I belong to a tall family still my height is short, also my limbs are shorter in proportion to my height. May be due to some unusual reasons didn’t grow. I wanted to know what I can do to achieve full growth. I want to give a last trail. Even few inches will be helpful.

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I noticed rapid growth in me only I was 15-16 and ever then, I’ve not noticed any sort of height increase. I’m currently 20yrs and it seems my growth plates are blocked. Will I ever grow again?

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I’m 20 year old male and since I was 17 I haven’t grown in height. I’m 5 feet 4 inches in height and have never done any addiction to cease the tiny growth. I am below average at athletics and both my parents are below my height. What kind of stretch or workout regime should I follow

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I am 19 now and my over all Growth is stunted and i think this is not some think related to genetics beacuse my parents are tall enough and is there any chance to increase in height after 19 . I did’nt have enough facial hair

Asked for Male, 19 Years 264 Views v

My friend just got vaccinated with MMR and meningococcal and she wanted to know if she could smoke weed the next day. If not, then after how many days should she smoke weed? She is also going to get vaccinated for varicella, tdap and hepatitis B. Should she be extra careful for smoking weed after any of these vaccinations?

Asked for Female, 22 Years 1300 Views v

I’ve smoked weed from being a teenager until I gave up all smoking when it was picked up that I had a heart murmur and had to have a mechanical mitral valve replacement surgery a year ago.I stopped the previous year.I really miss smoking and want to start again,however I can’t find any professional advice on the risks.I did not have anything wrong

Asked for Female, 39 Years 199 Views v

Hello Doc, Got introduced to marijuana by a friend when i was 16. I smoked, chewed and drank it with tea. About a week later i got so high that it took me days to come back to myself. Couple of days later went high again without smoking. I’ve read online that weed gets out of your system after a couple of weeks but i developed BP problems and have

Asked for Male, 28 Years 63 Views v

I smoked weed not feeling sleepy .kind of drowsy .consulted a doctor he gave me sleeping pills.After trying sleep pills also not feeling good

Asked for Male, 20 Years 50 Views v

After I smoked weed ,I experienced a lot of depression and side effects.and I am not feeling sleepy since 2 days.when I am trying to sleep small pain is going on inside my head.

Asked for Male, 20 Years 43 Views v

I underwent major cardiac arrest on Nov 16 and stunt placed. Issue some times I feel slight pain in heart I could not quit smoking take 3 sticks a day Age 37 Please advise

Asked for Male, 37 Years 146 Views v

Can smoking weed/marijuhuana twice a week cause excessive hairfall. PS-not an addict.

Asked for Male, 21 Years 177 Views v

What happens if one takes weed for smoking and eat sweets at that time? What is long term effect of weed ,if someone took it only once?

Asked for Male, 28 Years 1758 Views v

I smoke one joint every night, and I smoke a lot of weed in my free time, to check if m addicted I took a break & went to hometown for a week but didnt feel desire, I go to work on time, complete my targets before deadline, but as soon as I come back to my room I have desire of smoking weed, does it lead to cancer?

Asked for Male, 26 Years 5457 Views v

I stopped weed before 10 days from now for how much time I have to bare symptoms which are headache fever and my mouth goes dry all time and I am seeing weed withdrawel symptoms from last 3-4 days. Is there any medicine for my mouth goes dry all the time? I feel very bad all time about my mouth Try to help me

Asked for Male, 21 Years 563 Views v

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heavenly blue morning glory seeds trip

Toxicology Q&A Answer: Morning Glory

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Answer: Morning glory.

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Ipomoea tricolor, violacea, and others. PHOTO: Jason Hack (Oleander Photography)

Morning glory is often referred to by its variety—including Heavenly Blue, Pearly Gates, Flying Saucers, Blue Star, Summer Skies, and Wedding Bells. This hardy annual climbing vine has single-colored funnel-shaped flowers spaced along its course, with deep green heart-shaped leaves. It blooms in early summer until the first frost.

“Morning” references that the flowers roll themselves closed every evening and unfurl in the morning.

The seeds of many species of morning glory contain a naturally occurring tryptamine, lysergic acid amide (LSA), which is chemically similar to LSD and has similar effects. Seeds are used for their strong psychedelic or hallucinogenic mental effects.

Often, the seeds are crushed and swallowed or made into teas to induce intentional intoxication.

Common names: Heavenly Blue, Flying Saucers, Blue Star
PHOTO: Jason Hack (Oleander Photography)

Apart from the desired hallucinogenic effects, patients often exhibit dilated pupils, increased heart rate, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, numbness of the limbs, and muscle spasms.

Culturally, the hallucinogenic effects have been ceremonially used by the Aztec people in various rituals, and they referred to the plant as “Rivea corymbose” or “ololiuqui.”

Other South American cultures have used the seeds to diagnose illnesses and foretell various future events.

ACEP Now offers real-time clinical news, news from the American College of Emergency Physicians, and news on practice trends and health care reform for the emergency medicine physician. ACEP Now is an official publication of the American College of Emergency Physicians.

Why Chewing Morning Glory Seeds Gets You High

And why you maybe shouldn’t do it.

We’re getting into the gardening season. If you’re into that sort of thing, one of the prettiest and most popular seeds to sow around this time is that of the Morning Glory flower, with its bright hues and soft shape. But, if you start to get bored turning the soil, don’t chew on their seeds, because they contain a powerful hallucinogenic compound. Chewing them unlocks the drug inside and you’re likely to puke.

For the science community — as well as the community of those who practice native Central American religions — this isn’t exactly news.

Morning Glory Seeds Get You High Because They Contain LSA

The average gardener may not know that they’re actually burying seeds that contain a potent alternative to LSD. It’s known as “D-lysergic acid amide” (that’s LSA to you) and it’s what’s known as a precursor chemical to LSD. LSA induces psychedelic effects not too dissimilar from that trippy drug you already know and love.

The LSA chemical was discovered by Albert Hoffman, who also discovered LSD, when he — you guessed it — chewed the seeds. It’s classed as a Schedule III substance by the DEA, with a “moderate to low potential for physical and psychological dependence.” Other drugs in the same classification family are codeine and ketamine, although the Morning Glory flower is much easier and much less sketchy to obtain.

But before you go following in his footsteps and popping Morning Glory like it’s sunflower seeds, there are some crucial differences between LSA and LSD that are important to know going into it.

The Side-Effects of Chewing Morning Glory Seeds

Unlike it’s more refined cousin, LSA can trigger a high degree of discomfort in the user. That discomfort can come in the form of cramping, extreme nausea, other stomach pains, and even vomiting. It’s an unpleasant slew of experiences to be confronted with when all you’re looking for is a good trip.

People who have tried LSA for themselves expand on their experiences on BlueLight, a drug forum. One poster wrote “You’ll find LSA just really puts you in that drealike state with a slightly introspective mindset. LSD completely blows that open in my opinion, LSA is comparable to a real low dose of acid with nausea.”

Another reported that they took LSA with alcohol and had to be sent to the hospital. In May of 2016, a Boston teen was hospitalized after consuming morning glory seeds.

Still, other users have reported more pleasant — or at least not unpleasant — experiences, often commenting on how the dosage and any other drugs taken at the same time can alter the effects. “LSA is amazing. Very visual, very beautiful, very dreamy,” writes one user. “With LSAs I feel like having a strong body high and it can be pretty weird,” said another.

One YouTube user took the opportunity to describe her own LSA process and trip in great detail. “I started getting cramps behind my knees,” she said. She said the trip began roughly two hours after chewing the seeds and “things started the look like they were growing.”

She said she was reminded of a previous acid trip, a comparison in line with what the forums on BlueLight had to say.

Munching on some Morning Glory seeds could prove to be a surprising way to spice up your gardening. But much caution is required, because those pretty flowers can just as easily lay you out for the duration of the day.

And why you maybe shouldn’t do it.

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double tangie banana strain

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Tangie Banana Strain Review

An extremely popular sativa dominant hybrid strain, Tangie Banana’s citrusy tangerine seasoned and coral-colored nugs will leave you feeling a rush of refreshment. For a relaxed, yet clear-headed and uplifting high, Tangie Banana will give you an intense spark in creativity. This strain is optimal for a wake and bake, and is a spectacular blast of energy first thing in the morning. Similar to the effects of the strain Green Crack but with a little more of a sedating body high, Tangie Banana is a strain to consider if you suffer from depression, chronic stress, migraines, and lack of appetite.

Our Tangie Banana’s fruity fragrance is incredible and the coloration is almost neon green, but darker and with lighter shades of green. The orange hairs really stand out against the bright green backdrop and the crystals shimmer a knock-you-off-your-seat kind of way. As mentioned before, Tangie Banana is an amazing strain for those who like to smoke or medicate in the morning or throughout the day, as there is no real comedown or side effects that cause drowsiness. If you’re a fan of citrusy strains then Tangie Banana is going to be one you’ll need to try.

With a full orange and banana flavored smoke and a hints of skunky notes, this is definitely one for the citrus and sativa lovers. For smokers that are all about a flavorful smoking experience, the strong orange zest combined with a strong head high make this a great strain for the outdoors or active settings. For both its unparalleled taste and its potent effects, Tangie Banana mixes the tranquil effects of the indica and the exhilarating effects of sativa to bring a perfect buzz for any time of the day.

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Tangie Banana's fruity fragrance is incredible and the coloration is almost neon green, but darker and with lighter shades of green. An amazing strain for those who like to smoke or medicate in the morning or throughout the day, as there is no real comedown or side effects that cause drowsiness.

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3x crazy strain review

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3X Crazy

Taste & Smell

  • Earthy
  • Fruity
  • Spicy

Effects

  • Calm
  • Focused
  • Happy
  • Hungry
  • Sleepy
  • Tingly
  • Dizzy
  • Nervous

Pairs Well With

  • Arts & Crafts
  • Doing Nothing
  • Eating
  • Reading
  • Studying

About this Indica Strain

Also known as “Optimus Prime,” 3X Crazy is an indica cannabis strain that smells of grapes and spices, bearing an earthy and skunky aftertaste. Its buds are known to be forest green and small like lumpy popcorn with thin orange pistils.

The parent strains of 3XCrazy are a combination of the hybrid OG Kush, indica Bubba Kush, and indica Grand Daddy Purple.

THC levels of this strain average between 14%-18%. Its high is best for evenings and nights, often leaving the consumer in slightly sedative mindset with a relaxed sensation spreading from your spine throughout the nervous system in waves. At first, the mind will seem clear and focused, but as the high progresses and the bodily effects take place, the mind will become foggy and distant. A craving for food will help render your consciousness back into the now and have you searching for some snacks. Reviewers have noted this strain is capable of relieving both muscle spasms and pain, as well as insomnia for some.

Carefully when consuming 3X Crazy – mild cases of anxiousness or dizziness may follow suit if consumed improperly in high doses.

Also known as “Optimus Prime,” 3X Crazy is an indica cannabis strain that smells of grapes and spices, bearing an earthy and skunky aftertaste. Its buds are known to be forest green and small like lumpy popcorn with thin orange pistils. The parent strains of 3XCrazy are a combination of…

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sweet kush strain

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Sweet Kush

Taste & Smell

  • Earthy
  • Fruity
  • Sweet

Effects

  • Creative
  • Happy
  • Dizzy
  • Dry Eyes
  • Dry Mouth
  • Headache
  • Nervous

Pairs Well With

  • Arts & Crafts
  • Exploring Nature
  • People Watching
  • Studying

About this Hybrid Strain

This hybrid cannabis plant is known for its deep forest green buds tinted with emeralds and minty hues. Grown right, its buds should look like they were rolled around in sugar. The aroma wafting from these flowers tends to be sweet and citrusy, and when smoked, it tastes a bit like lemon drops infused with a little soil.

Lab results show it can pump out cannabinoids at around 18% THC.

At lower doses, Sweet Kush can stimulate creativity and raise the spirits. Higher doses will bring on a sedative effect, causing sleepiness and possibly even couch-lock. It is recommended for treating restlessness, insomnia, high stress, minor aches and pains, or lack of appetite.

Commonly reported side effects from Sweet Kush include cottonmouth, red eyes – and in some smokers – paranoia, lightheadedness, and even a sore head may result, especially in higher doses.

This hybrid cannabis plant is known for its deep forest green buds tinted with emeralds and minty hues. Grown right, its buds should look like they were rolled around in sugar. The aroma wafting from these flowers tends to be sweet and citrusy, and when smoked, it tastes a bit like lemon drops infused…

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garlic strain

Garlic Cookies

Taste & Smell

  • Earthy
  • Sweet

Effects

  • Calm
  • Tingly

Pairs Well With

About this Hybrid Strain

Lab Data

Cannabinoid Lab Data

Cannabinoid Amount
THC: 26.03%
Terpene Lab Data

Terpene Amount
Limonene: 1.1%
Beta Caryophyllene: 0.5%
Beta Myrcene: 0.4%

Lineage

Frequently Asked Questions About Garlic Cookies

Garlic Cookies, which is sometimes called GMO or GMO Cookies, is an indica-leaning hybrid strain that’s been reported by reviewers to produce hard-hitting physical effects that last a long time (about three hours). It relaxes and places the consumer in a state of bliss, according to its fans.

What does Garlic Cookies mean?

This strain’s name comes from the odd terpene profile it has, producing a flavor reminiscent of sweet cookies mixed with garlic.

What are the THC levels of Garlic Cookies?

THC levels often reach up to 30% for Garlic Cookies.

What does Garlic Cookies smell like?

As its name suggests, the scent is of garlic mixed with cookies though with a bit of a diesel and earthen aroma.

What does Garlic Cookies taste like?

Surprisingly, Garlic Cookies produces a taste that’s not as bad as it might sound, though it is of cookies mixed with garlic.

What does Garlic Cookies look like?

The buds of this strain are long and chunky, with various hues of greens and both tan and brown pistils winding their way throughout its cured nuggets.

What does Garlic Cookie’s effects feel like?

This strain has been reported by reviewers to help decrease chronic pain, eliminate nausea, and help with feelings of depression.

Where does Garlic Cookies come from?

Garlic Cookies is a cross between Girl Scout Cookies and Chemdawg.

Garlic Cookies Taste & Smell Earthy Sweet Effects Calm Tingly Pairs Well With About this Hybrid Strain Lab Data Cannabinoid Lab Data Cannabinoid

Garlic strain

Incredible strain! Stumbled across this for it had just arrived at the shop I buy my weed from. Gave it a shot buying a 1/8 to see how it compared to more high end weeds that I usually buy which are much more. Incredible product to say the least. The sticky, resiny bud has a distinct smell that I think turns people off for the most part, but once you get a few hits in you, BOOM your good to go. Had a intense feeling for around 2 hours and a moderately good one for about another two. Comparative to higher end brands of Gx4, and Blueberry Crumb cake. From what I’ve seen its usually upwards of 10-15 dollars cheaper then the brands I’ve listed above. Worth a shot if you can come across this 9.8/10

Garlic Bud is a 100% indica strain classic from the 1990s that is a direct descendant of the infamous Afghani strain. This bud is famous among the cannabis community for its insanely pungent smell reminiscent of a freshly dug up clove of garlic and a taste of tangy musk with a hint of spicy eart…

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low odor cannabis strains

High quality low odor weed strains

The cultivation of weed (indoors and outdoors) often causes a strong odor which can be very penetrating and attract unwanted attention. It may therefore be desirable to mask the odor. All cannabis plants do smell, but you can choose a strain that smells considerably less than other species: the so called low odor strains. Check out our assortment with the best low odor cannabis strains below.

6 weed seeds found

Master Kush feminized seeds
Master Kush regular seeds
Northern Lights autoflowering feminized seeds
Northern Lights feminized seeds
Pure Power Plant feminized seeds
Snow White feminized seeds

Best low odor strain

Are you having a hard time choosing the right low odor strain? Then choose Northern Lights. With this strain you are really safe and there is no need to worry about the smell too much.

What causes the smell of cannabis plants?

Cannabis plants smell particularly strong during the flowering period when buds are developed. However, the cause of the smell is not in the development of Cannabinoids. These are virtually odorless. The odor is spread by terpenes and terpenoids.

Weed without smell?

The aromatic is known for most cannabis plants. It is therefore important to initially choose a low odor weed strain by choosing one of our low smell cannabis seeds. This doesn’t mean you have to opt for a less strong type of cannabis. Luckily there are several low odor potent strains.

As said, all cannabis plants smell, but it is possible to minimize the smell and in some cases even remove it.

How to mask the smell?

On remote locations, there is no worry about the smell of your plant. However, this does not apply in an urban area. Even with one or two low odor plants the smell has to be taken into account. Do not think too easily about this because in the end prevention is better than cure.

Probably investing in a solid carbon filter is the best and most obvious option. However, there are even more precautions that can be taken. See the explanation of the different methods below:

  • Carbon filter
  • Negative ion generators
  • Hepa-filters
Tip 1: The use of a carbon filter

When it comes to air filtration, a decent carbon filter is often the first choice for indoor usage. Also when a low smell cannabis strain is chosen. The following applies: the more expensive the better, cheap carbon filters will last less longer and eventually might be break down. Each carbon filter also has a certain life span and can absorb a maximum amount. A high quality carbon filter will last a long time and is more reliable.

Such a carbon filter is also called a carbon scrubber and is attached at the end of the ventilation system. The activated carbon is capable of absorbing and binding the molecules in the air that cause the odor. The charcoal filter ensures the neutralization of all odors that go through it (if it’s connected properly without leakages).

However, a carbon filter is only effective when it’s combined with a ventilation system. The ventilation system has to push all the air through the charcoal filter. A ventilation system in combination with a carbon filter often takes quite a lot of space.

Extra tip: do not place the filter system in the direction of your neighbors and place a pot Ona-gel in front of the filter system.

Tip 2: The use of a negative ion generator

In addition to the low odor weed plants and a carbon filter, it is advisable to install a negative ion generator (air ionizer). Such a negative ion generator provides other air molecules, such as those of weed, an electric charge which will neutralize the odor. Moreover,there is no need to connect this device to a ventilation system.

Although a negative ion generator is less reliable than a carbon filter, this can be a good solution instead of using a carbon filter in case of low-smelling weed strains.

Extra tip: A negative ion generator will remove the odor, but slightly too fanatical, which also reduces aroma and taste quality of your weed. There are not to be placed in the same room as the plants.

Tip 3: Using a HEPA-filter

Finally, in addition to low odor marijuana strains, a carbon filter and a negative ion generator, there is a HEPA filter. A HEPA filter with activated charcoal not only filters odor molecules but also filters dust, allergens and other pollutants.

HEPA filters do not affect the taste or aroma of the plant. It is therefore no problem to install such a filter in the same room as the plants. In addition, most HEPA filters include a built-in ventilation system through which the air is pushed. However, keep in mind that a HEPA filter will not completely remove the odor. This filter is therefore especially good as an addition to your other measures.

How to mask the smell in an outdoor cultivation?

Outdoors, it is more difficult to mask the smell than in an indoor culture. The open air makes it virtually impossible to control the smell. Moreover, filtering is not possible. Yet there are several things you can do to mask the odor.

Tip 1: Choose low odor marijuana seeds

Perhaps this is the most important and obvious tip. For a low odor marijuana plant you will have to opt for a low odor seeds. On this page you will find various low-smelling varieties, but the best low smell cannabis strain is probably the Northern Lights. Moreover, the Northern Lights is a small strain which makes it easier to mask.

Extra tip: if you are looking for low odor outdoor strain, never choose a Skunk, Cheese or Kush. These types will create extreme fragrances.

Tip 2: Surpass the smell of cannabis

In addition to low odor outdoor cannabis strains in our range, masking the odor by surpassing it with other scents. Lavender is very suitable for this. In addition, lavender keeps insects and mice at a distance. However, mint, lemongrass and rosemary as companion plants are also a good option.

Tip 3: Choose a short flowering type of cannabis

During the vegetative phase, weed plants hardly develop aromas. However, when the plant starts to bloom the aromas will be released fast. Therefore it’s recommended to choose a low smelling autoflower strain with a short flowering period. The less long your plant blooms, the less likely it will stand out.

Want to grow a low odor strain? Buy high quality low odor weed seeds at Weedseedsexpress! 20% FREE SEEDS + topnotch customer care + Stealth shipping!

Examples of Low Odor Cannabis Strains

If you’re growing for yourself, you might prefer to grow cannabis strains that are particularly known for having a relatively mild or weak smell. The truth is that basically, all cannabis plants will stink a little by the time you get to harvest, but some strains are worse than others.

Low Odor Marijuana Strains – These strains are known for producing a low or non-marijuana-like odor.

  • Blue Mystic
  • Master Kush
  • Jack Herer
  • Auto Duck is an example of an auto-flowering strain that is great for stealth growing due to its smell (or lack thereof) and a unique shape that doesn’t look quite like cannabis leaves
  • Northern Lights Auto
  • Northern Cheese Haze Auto

Low odor strains aren’t fool-proof, but they’ll definitely help make things easier! These are just a few examples that I’ve had great experience with, but there are many others. Learn more about researching strains.

Note: Smells are usually more intense when the environment gets hot and humid!

If you're growing for yourself, you might prefer to grow cannabis strains that are particularly known for having a relatively mild or weak smell. The truth is that basically all cannabis plants will stink a little by the time you get to harvest, but some strains are worse than others!

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growing weed fast

Question: how to make weed grow faster?

Growing cannabis is a time-consuming process, and most growers are keen to get to the curing stage as quickly as possible. However, be warned. Speeding up the process can harm the quality and strength of the end product. You have to decide whether you want more weed or faster weed. It’s a question of weighing up the balance between your patience and the final result. If you are keen to learn how to grow weed fast, we’ve compiled our favourite tried and tested tricks to help you reap the rewards of your labours in as little time as possible. So how to make weed grow faster?

Making weed plants grow faster

One method of cannabis cultivation that won’t affect the quality of the crop is crop rotation. Plant your seeds in stages so that you always have plants growing at different stages. This article focuses on indoor methods, as cannabis plants grown outdoors are subject to the limitations of the seasons and weather, which are impossible to change.

1.Start the flowering phase as soon as possible

When growing cannabis indoors from ordinary seeds, the grower has to decide when to switch the plants from the vegetative phase to flowering. This is usually done by altering the lighting schedule. Reducing the total hours of daylight stimulates the plants to produce buds and will start the flower stage. This is usually about two to three months after sowing, depending on the variety.

However, it is technically possible to make your seedlings produce buds pretty much as soon as they sprout and bypass the vegetative stage altogether. Northern Lights is a variety with a flowering time that lasts for two months. If seedlings produce flowers as soon as they germinate, it is theoretically possible to harvest in as little as three months – two months quicker than the average grow time of five months. However, the yield will always be much less simply because the seedling will not have had enough time to grow stems needed to produce buds.

A practical solution, if you are really impatient, is to cut short the vegetative phase. The yield will be less but much more than by entirely skipping the vegetative stage. Let your plants vegetate for a shorter period than that accepted in order to switch to flowering more quickly. The yield will certainly not be extraordinary, but always more than by making the plant flower from the sowing stage. It could take three more weeks, for example, in which case you will be able to harvest after about 14-15 weeks.

You could also give your plants a full twenty-four hours of daylight during the vegetative phase to encourage leaf and stem growth. This will enable you to reach the flowering stage a little sooner without compromising so much on the eventual yield.

2. Speeding up the flowering phase

You can speed up the flowering phase by one to two weeks by using a product such as Bushmaster. However, it will also stop vertical growth. The best option is to grow your plants to about the height you want to maintain while in the vegetative phase then start dosing it with Bushmaster. This can also increase yields, so it’s a win-win. Be very careful, though, as this stuff is potent and can cause root burn.

Another method is to switch your plants to 10 hours of light per day, which will encourage your plants to ripen more quickly. This method works best on Indica varieties which have a shorter flowering cycle than Hazes and Sativas, as well as higher yields.

When your cannabis plants receive less than 13 or 14 hours of light a day, they will automatically start to flower. In the natural world, harvest occurs in the autumn, when the hours of daylight begin to decrease. Indoors you can mimic this and speed up the time of harvest.

Manipulating the hours of light from 13 to 10 forces your plants to produce buds much faster than they would outdoors. All strains of cannabis respond to this type of light manipulation by producing buds at a faster rate.

However, there are consequences mainly relating to growth. The buds will stop growing, which will affect the yield, although the THC content won’t necessarily be affected. Plants grow during the hours of daylight so if these are reduced to speed things up, the harvest will inevitably be smaller.

3. Choose a fast-growing strain

It may sound obvious, but one of the easiest ways to reach harvest quickly is to choose seeds with short flowering times. Always buy seeds from reputable and established sellers who will display growing and flowering times on their websites. The aforementioned Northern Lights feature a two-month flowering phase, while others, such as Sour Diesel need to flower for more than 2,5 months. Strains with longer flowering times generally tend to perform better outdoors because they receive more sunshine. However, varieties with short flowering phases often produce cannabis of equally good quality.

Santa Maria, Gorilla Glue and White Widow x Northern Lights are among the many cannabis varieties that flower quickly. All of these strains have a flowering phase of six to eight weeks, shaving around a month off the entire process.

It is also worth mentioning auto-flowering seeds as these switch to flowering automatically, so you don’t need to worry about altering the light cycle. These strains usually take about three months to go from seed to harvest – much more quickly than non-auto-flowering varieties.

4. Plant clones rather than sowing seeds

Planting clones rather than germinating seeds yourself will save a couple of weeks. Clones are plug plants that are sold with an established root system, so all you have to do is pop them into the soil. The downside is that clones are genetically weaker and less likely to survive than plants grown from seeds, as they are more likely to succumb to pests, mould and disease.

5. Start pruning

Pruning your weed plant encourages them to focus their energy on producing buds rather than leaves. Extra stems and dying, yellow leaves should be removed to allow your plants to concentrate its efforts on growing buds.

6. Ensure your plants have all they need

All plants, including cannabis, need sunlight, water and nutrients to survive. To ensure your plants grow as quickly and healthily as possible, you need to ensure they have all three in the correct quantities. You can add nutrients to the soil with fertiliser or directly into the water if you are using a hydroponics system. Read our blogs for more information about how much water and light your plants need at each stage of the growing process.

Follow our tips, and you can look forward to a quick harvest. One final thing; it is imperative to dry and cure your precious buds properly. After all your hard work, don’t rush this final stage, however much you are tempted. This could result in an inferior weed, which would be such a shame!

Wondering how to make weed grow faster? Check this blog and find out how to make weed plants grow faster!

Growing Cannabis As Fast As Possible: What You Need To Know

Use these tips to speed up your grow at any point between germination and harvest. Learn practical ways to make things go faster in either veg or flowering, inside or out. Don’t be surprised if one of the tricks for outdoor growers is a bit shocking. We weren’t expecting it either!

Contents:

There are plenty of reasons you might want to harvest early. Perhaps you’re moving house and have to pack up your grow room, or you grow outdoors in a northern country where the autumns are short, cold, and brutal. Perhaps you’re low on weed and hate to fork over your hard-earned cash in exchange for your meds. Maybe you live in a not-so-cannabis-friendly place and you think LEO is onto you.

No matter the reason, there are proven ways to rush things along, whether you’re growing inside or out. Still, you might have to compromise yield and potency in exchange for speed. Let’s take a look at what you can do to grow cannabis as fast as possible.

TIPS FOR FASTER INDOOR GROWS

Growing indoors is almost always faster than growing outdoors, mostly because you can control the lighting. You can tweak a few other things in the name of speed too.

GROW AUTOFLOWERING CANNABIS

As a general rule, autoflowering cannabis will mature at a faster rate than photoperiod strains because they contain a percentage of ruderalis genetics. Ruderalis evolved naturally in cold places like Siberia where the summers are very short. They had to develop the ability to produce flowers and seeds quickly to ensure the survival of the species.

Most autoflowering hybrids will start to flower two weeks after germination, and can be harvested about 7 weeks later. Quick One, for example, completes its full life cycle in 8 weeks and still yields up to 150g/plant.

Note that breeders are now reducing the amount of ruderalis they use to create autoflowering hybrids in order to increase yield and potency. As a result, some may take a little longer to be harvest-ready, or require a 20/4 or 18/6 light cycle for flowering.

Quick One
Strong Indica x Ruderalis
275 – 325 g/m 2
50 – 60 cm
5 – 6 weeks
THC: 13% (aprox.) / CBD: Low
10% Sativa, 60% Indica, 20% Ruderalis
100 – 150 g/per plant (dried)
60 – 100 cm
8 – 9 weeks after germination
Physical
Quick One
Strong Indica x Ruderalis
275 – 325 g/m 2
50 – 60 cm
5 – 6 weeks
THC: 13% (aprox.) / CBD: Low
10% Sativa, 60% Indica, 30% Ruderalis
100 – 150 g/per plant (dried)
60 – 100 cm
8 – 9 weeks after germination
Physical

TAKE PHOTOPERIOD STRAINS STRAIGHT TO FLOWER

You can force photoperiod strains to mature almost as fast as autoflowering cannabis by putting them in 12 hours of darkness every day from the time they germinate. It works, but your plants will not get nearly as big or yield as much as if you had allowed them to veg for the normal 4–6 weeks.

If you want to use this method, you can start with either clones or seeds, but you’ll need to grow a lot of them in sea of green (SOG) fashion if you want enough herb to hold you over to your next harvest. Most plants will be dwarf-sized and only yield 28g or less each.

VEG WITH LIGHTS ON 24 HOURS A DAY

This is a hotly debated topic, but you can leave your lights on 24/7 and your cannabis plants will be just fine. Unlike some other plants, they don’t need a dark period each day to be healthy. In fact, they’ll stay shorter, grow faster, and get bushier under a continuous light period.

By keeping the lights on all the time, you may be able to cut your veg time by a third and still have a good-sized plant by the time you start a forced bloom. If you try this technique, keep a close watch for deficiencies. If your plants look like they’re getting sick, reduce the wattage or hours of light to help them recover.

GIVE YOUR PLANTS LESS THAN 12 HOURS OF LIGHT PER DAY DURING BLOOM

If you’d like to jump-start the flowering process, put your plants in complete darkness for 48 hours before you start the 12/12 light cycle. Then, use a 11/13 light cycle throughout bloom. The extra reduction will trick your plants into thinking winter is rapidly approaching.

Starving a plant that wants to bloom for 9–10 weeks to force an early harvest can have a negative impact on yield. If you’re going to try this method, choose a cannabis seed with a naturally short finish time like Honey Cream. This is a high-yielding indica that only needs 6–7 weeks to complete its flowering cycle.

Honey Cream
BlueBlack x Maple Leaf Indica x White Rhino
500 – 550 gr/m 2
60 – 100 cm
6 – 7 weeks
THC: 16% (aprox.) / CBD: Medium
35% Sativa, 65% Indica, 0% Ruderalis
625 – 675 g/per plant (dried)
180 – 250 cm
Early October
Psychedelic high
Honey Cream
BlueBlack x Maple Leaf Indica x White Rhino
500 – 550 gr/m 2
60 – 100 cm
6 – 7 weeks
THC: 16% (aprox.) / CBD: Medium
35% Sativa, 65% Indica, 0% Ruderalis
625 – 675 g/per plant (dried)
180 – 250 cm
Early October
Psychedelic high

CONSIDER SWITCHING TO HYDRO

Compared to soil or a soilless mix, hydro can reduce your veg time by a few weeks. This method delivers nutrients directly to the plant’s roots so that they practically grow right before your eyes. It won’t make the flowering period go much faster, but hydro usually produces heavier, denser buds and bigger yields. You might decide that, in this case, the time was well spent.

PROPER NUTRITION HELPS… A LOT

Sick plants need time to recover, so every time you overfeed, underfeed, or feed the wrong thing, you’re stretching the time until harvest. If you’re using nutrients designed for cannabis, they should come with instructions that tell you how much of what to use, and when to use it. Follow the directions, but keep the mix on the light side until you know if your plants are nutrient-sensitive.

Cannabis needs more nitrogen (N) when vegging and more phosphorus and potassium (P & K) while flowering. If you give then too much nitrogen during bloom, it’ll slow down bud growth and result in lower yields of fluffier buds. That’s the exact opposite of what you want!

Easy Combo Booster Pack

TIPS FOR FASTER OUTDOOR GROWS

Harvesting early outside is a little tricky. The obvious answer is to use autoflowering strains—and this does work. Depending on your weather, you may be able to harvest at least three times each growing season. Outdoor growers can also make photoperiod strains mature a little faster. Here are two things to try.

COVER OUTDOOR PLANTS TO FORCE BLOOM

Cover your outdoor plants with a tarp or other light-proof cover in the early evening and remove it the next morning. This works just like a grow tent to give your plants 12 hours of darkness each day to force them to bloom. As a bonus, you’ll end up with bigger, denser, more resinous buds when you’re done because the sunlight they do get, during the height of summer, will be much more intense than what they would receive during the fall months when outdoor cannabis plants normally bloom.

POLLINATE LATE, HARVEST EARLY

This last tip might shock you. Pollinate your flowers and they’ll ripen faster.

This doesn’t mean you’ll ruin your grow with a bunch of seeds. Pollinate by hand about a week before you want to harvest. As soon as the buds are fertilised, the plant will switch its energy away from flower formation to seed production and the maturity rate will escalate. The next week, when you harvest, the seeds won’t even be noticeable because they haven’t had time to form a hard shell.

CANNABIS SEED SELECTION IS KEY TO FASTER GROWING

If you want to grow cannabis as fast as possible, choosing a seed that’s been bred to mature quickly is key. It’s only common sense that it will be easier to hurry along a strain that will finish on its own in 7 weeks than one that prefers 12. Luckily, fast strains have been bred to meet every need and preference.

For those who prefer autoflowering hybrids, Northern Light Auto is a great choice. The original was already fast, but this improved version can go from germination to harvest in 10 weeks or less without any extra measures. Royal Cheese is a photoperiod strain, but this European favourite only needs about 6 weeks of 12/12 lighting to reach full maturity. Medical marijuana patients who are on a tight schedule should take a look at Medical Mass. This variety only needs 7 weeks of bloom to yield up to 550g/m² of CBD-enriched flowers.

CONCLUSION—HOW TO SPEED UP YOUR CANNABIS GROW

If you need to force your plants to mature faster than they naturally would, you can by trying one or more of the methods described above. Doing so, however, means that you will probably sacrifice both yield and potency in the process. For the best results, choose a cannabis seed that’s been bred specifically for speed. With the right genetics, you can minimise any type of compromise that you may have to make.

If you need to hurry your grow for an early harvest, this practical guide will show you how to speed things up, inside and out.

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black raspberry strain

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Black Raspberry

breed by Bodhi Seeds

Here you can find all info about Black Raspberry from Bodhi Seeds. If you are searching for information about Black Raspberry from Bodhi Seeds, check out our Basic Infos, Shop-Finder and Price Comparison or Lineage / Genealogy for this cannabis variety here at this page and follow the links to get even more information – or list all Black Raspberry Strains (2) to find a different version. If you have any personal experiences with growing or consuming this cannabis variety, please use the upload links to add them to the database!

Basic / Breeders Info

Black Raspberry is an indica/sativa variety from Bodhi Seeds and can be cultivated indoors (where the plants will need a flowering time of ±63 days ) and outdoors . Bodhi Seeds’ Black Raspberry is a THC dominant variety and is/was never available as feminized seeds.

Bodhi Seeds’ Black Raspberry Description

Black Raspberry produces dark berry/absinthe/Lavender OG crystal-coated flowering clusters. A cross of Goji OG Raspberry F2 and Wookie 15 the amazing range of perfumes from this cannabis strain will delight all. Heavily aromatic Black raspberry produces good yields of wonderfully uplifting weed. Flowering indoors lasts for about 9 weeks when cuttings are grown.

TASTE / FLAVOUR Berry, Lavender
EFFECT Uplifting

Where to buy Black Raspberry cannabis seeds?

Black Raspberry from Bodhi Seeds is available only as regular seeds. Feminized seeds are not available at the moment. In 2 seedbanks, we found 2 offers between EUR 78.00 for 11 regular seeds and EUR 82.00 for 11 regular seeds. If you are looking to buy Black Raspberry Cannabis Seeds from Bodhi Seeds somewhere – have a look to our Black Raspberry Price Comparison page with all current offers from all the connected seedbanks and shops – or visit one of the following tested, trustworthy and recommended seed-shops directly to check out their current Black Raspberry offers: Cannapot Hanfshop and Oaseeds.

Black Raspberry Lineage / Genealogy

  • Black Raspberry »»» Goji OG Raspberry F2 x Wookie #15 probably
  • Goji OG Raspberry F2
    • »»» Nepali OG x Snow Lotus
    • Nepali OG
      • »»» OG Kush x Nepal Probably
      • OG Kush Probably
        • »»» Chemdawg x Probably
        • Lemon Thai x Hindu Kush, Pakistan
          • Lemon Thai »»» Sativa
          • Hindu Kush, Pakistan »»» Indica
        • Chemdawg
          • Unknown Indica »»» Indica
      • Nepal Probably »»» Indica
    • Snow Lotus
      • »»» Afgooey x Block Head
      • Afgooey
        • »»» Afgani #1 x Maui Haze
        • Afgani #1
          • »»» Afghanistan x Afghanistan
          • Afghanistan »»» Indica
          • Afghanistan »»» Indica
        • Maui Haze »»» Sativa
      • Block Head
        • »»» Pakistani Landrace P19 x Sweet Tooth
        • Pakistani Landrace P19 »»» Indica
        • Sweet Tooth F1
          • »»» Sweet Pink Grapefruit x Blueberry F1
          • Sweet Pink Grapefruit
            • »»» Grapefruit x Unknown Strain
            • Grapefruit
              • Unknown Hybrid »»» Indica/Sativa Hybrid
            • Unknown Strain
          • Blueberry F2
            • Blueberry Line F1
              • »»» Temple Flo x HTAF F1
              • Temple Flo F3
                • Floral Line
                  • »»» Purple Thai x Afghani
                  • Purple Thai
                    • »»» H.O.G. x Chocolate Thai
                    • H.O.G.
                      • Mexico »»» Sativa
                    • Chocolate Thai
                      • Thailand »»» Sativa
                  • Afghani
                    • Afghanistan Probably Indica »»» Indica
              • HTAF F1
                • »»» Thailand x Afghani F1
                • Thailand »»» Sativa
                • Afghani (specified above)
  • Wookie #15
    • »»» Lavender Big Buddys cut x Appalachia
    • Lavender Big Buddys cut
      • »»» Super Skunk x Big Skunk Korean x Afghani Hawaiian
      • Super Skunk
        • »»» Skunk #1 x Afghanistan
        • Skunk #1
          • Skunk #1
            • Skunk #1
              • »»» Afghanistan x Mexico x Colombia
              • Afghanistan »»» Indica
              • Mexico »»» Sativa
              • Colombia »»» Sativa
        • Afghanistan »»» Indica
      • Big Skunk Korean
        • Unknown Hybrid »»» Indica/Sativa Hybrid
      • Afghani Hawaiian
        • »»» Afghani x Hawaii
        • Afghani (specified above)
        • Hawaii »»» Indica/Sativa Hybrid
    • Appalachia
      • »»» Green Crack x Tres DawG
      • Green Crack
        • »»» Skunk #1 x Unknown Indica
        • Skunk #1
          • Skunk #1 (specified above)
        • Unknown Indica »»» Indica
      • Tres DawG
        • »»» Chem Dawg d x Double Dawg
        • Chem Dawg d (specified above)
        • Double Dawg
          • »»» Chem Dawg d x
          • Chem Dawg d x Afghani #1
            • Chem Dawg d (specified above)
            • Afghani #1 (specified above)
          • Chem Dawg d (specified above)

Map of the Black Raspberry Family Tree

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Comparisons

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User Reviews

Our strain reviews are multilingual, searchable and can be very detailed – including data about the grow, aroma, effects and taste! Please upload your Black Raspberry Review here to help the other seedfinder users!

Medical Values

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Black Raspberry breed by Bodhi Seeds Here you can find all info about Black Raspberry from Bodhi Seeds . If you are searching for information about Black Raspberry from Bodhi Seeds, check

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orange seeds death

Krispy Kreme Could Have Avoided Embarrassment by Reading this Sherlock Holmes Story

“‘K. K. K.’ he shrieked” [FIVE]

Last week, the iconic “Hot Now” sign could have been referring to Krispy Kreme getting itself in hot water more than the availability of its signature hot doughnuts.

The confectioner found itself in a bit of a media flurry when a store in the United Kingdom decided that its promotion “Krispy Kreme Klub Wednesdays” should be abbreviated on its Facebook page as “KKK Wednesdays.” What could possibly go wrong?

While any schoolchild in the United States knows that K.K.K. stands for Ku Klux Klan, the white supremacist group, it’s clear that British social media gurus schoolchildren aren’t quite as clear on the topic.

This is the very thing that Arthur Conan Doyle was counting on when he wrote the short story “The Adventure of the Five Orange Pips” in 1891. Sherlock Holmes was a relatively new phenomenon at the time, as this was the fifth short story to be published in the collection that later became The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.

The plot of FIVE concerned a young man John Openshaw, whose uncle returned from living in the U.S., where he was part of the Confederacy during the Civil War. The uncle received a mysterious communication: an envelope containing five dried orange seeds and ‘K.K.K.’ printed in red ink on the outside. Within seven weeks, he was found dead, face-down in a pool of water. Openshaw’s father took over the estate, received a similar note with the letters ‘K.K.K.’ scrawled on it, and within days he died as a result of a fractured skull after falling over a chalk cliff.

“My God, my God. My sins have overtaken me.”

Any modern individual reading the story would immediately understand the significance of the acronymn; the “gotcha” ending that Conan Doyle was aiming for is lost on today’s society. But in the 1890s, the world was a different place in which the Klan’s name and notoriety were far from widespread.

With the Ku Klux Klan having been around in one movement or another since the 1860s – not to mention having played a major role in one of the original Sherlock Holmes stories – it’s astounding that no one at Krispy Kreme thought this through a little more. So much for cultural literacy.

The irony of the use of this unfortunate acronym nearly 125 years later by Krispy Kreme (a company headquartered in North Carolina – the American South) in the United Kingdom (the country in which “The Five Orange Pips” was written and set) is just too rich.

Almost as rich as one of those hot original glazed doughnuts.

It pays to know your literary history.

The Five Orange Pips

When I glance over my notes and records of the Sherlock Holmes cases between the years ’82 and ’90, I am faced by so many which present strange and interesting features that it is no easy matter to know which to choose and which to leave. Some, however, have already gained publicity through the papers, and others have not offered a field for those peculiar qualities which my friend possessed in so high a degree, and which it is the object of these papers to illustrate. Some, too, have baffled his analytical skill, and would be, as narratives, beginnings without an ending, while others have been but partially cleared up, and have their explanations founded rather upon conjecture and surmise than on that absolute logical proof which was so dear to him. There is, however, one of these last which was so remarkable in its details and so startling in its results that I am tempted to give some account of it in spite of the fact that there are points in connection with it which never have been, and probably never will be, entirely cleared up.

The year ’87 furnished us with a long series of cases of greater or less interest, of which I retain the records. Among my headings under this one twelve months I find an account of the adventure of the Paradol Chamber, of the Amateur Mendicant Society, who held a luxurious club in the lower vault of a furniture warehouse, of the facts connected with the loss of the British bark Sophy Anderson, of the singular adventures of the Grice Patersons in the island of Uffa, and finally of the Camberwell poisoning case. In the latter, as may be remembered, Sherlock Holmes was able, by winding up the dead man’s watch, to prove that it had been wound up two hours before, and that therefore the deceased had gone to bed within that time — a deduction which was of the greatest importance in clearing up the case. All these I may sketch out at some future date, but none of them present such singular features as the strange train of circumstances which I have now taken up my pen to describe.

It was in the latter days of September, and the equinoctial gales had set in with exceptional violence. All day the wind had screamed and the rain had beaten against the windows, so that even here in the heart of great, hand-made London we were forced to raise our minds for the instant from the routine of life and to recognize the presence of those great elemental forces which shriek at mankind through the bars of his civilization, like untamed beasts in a cage. As evening drew in, the storm grew higher and louder, and the wind cried and sobbed like a child in the chimney. Sherlock Holmes sat moodily at one side of the fireplace cross-indexing his records of crime, while I at the other was deep in one of Clark Russell’s fine sea-stories until the howl of the gale from without seemed to blend with the text, and the splash of the rain to lengthen out into the long swash of the sea waves. My wife was on a visit to her mother’s, and for a few days I was a dweller once more in my old quarters at Baker Street.

“Why,” said I, glancing up at my companion, “that was surely the bell. Who could come to-night? Some friend of yours, perhaps?”

“Except yourself I have none,” he answered. “I do not encourage visitors.”

“If so, it is a serious case. Nothing less would bring a man out on such a day and at such an hour. But I take it that it is more likely to be some crony of the landlady’s.”

Sherlock Holmes was wrong in his conjecture, however, for there came a step in the passage and a tapping at the door. He stretched out his long arm to turn the lamp away from himself and towards the vacant chair upon which a newcomer must sit.

“Come in!” said he.

The man who entered was young, some two-and-twenty at the outside, well-groomed and trimly clad, with something of refinement and delicacy in his bearing. The streaming umbrella which he held in his hand, and his long shining waterproof told of the fierce weather through which he had come. He looked about him anxiously in the glare of the lamp, and I could see that his face was pale and his eyes heavy, like those of a man who is weighed down with some great anxiety.

“l owe you an apology,” he said, raising his golden pince-nez to his eyes. “I trust that I am not intruding. I fear that I have brought some traces of the storm and rain into your snug chamber.”

“Give me your coat and umbrella,” said Holmes. “They may rest here on the hook and will be dry presently. You have come up from the south-west, I see.”

“Yes, from Horsham.”

“That clay and chalk mixture which I see upon your toe caps is quite distinctive.”

“I have come for advice.”

“That is easily got.”

“That is not always so easy.”

“I have heard of you, Mr. Holmes. I heard from Major Prendergast how you saved him in the Tankerville Club scandal.”

“Ah, of course. He was wrongfully accused of cheating at cards.”

“He said that you could solve anything.”

“He said too much.”

“That you are never beaten.”

“I have been beaten four times – three times by men, and once by a woman.”

“But what is that compared with the number of your successes?”

“It is true that I have been generally successful.”

“Then you may be so with me.”

“I beg that you will draw your chair up to the fire and favour me with some details as to your case.”

“It is no ordinary one.”

“None of those which come to me are. I am the last court of appeal.”

“And yet I question, sir, whether, in all your experience, you have ever listened to a more mysterious and inexplicable chain of events than those which have happened in my own family.”

“You fill me with interest,” said Holmes. “Pray give us the essential facts from the commencement, and I can afterwards question you as to those details which seem to me to be most important.”

The young man pulled his chair up and pushed his wet feet out towards the blaze.

“My name,” said he, “is John Openshaw, but my own affairs have, as far as I can understand, little to do with this awful business. It is a hereditary matter; so in order to give you an idea of the facts, I must go back to the commencement of the affair.

“You must know that my grandfather had two sons — my uncle Elias and my father Joseph. My father had a small factory at Coventry, which he enlarged at the time of the invention of bicycling. He was a patentee of the Openshaw unbreakable tire, and his business met with such success that he was able to sell it and to retire upon a handsome competence.

“My uncle Elias emigrated to America when he was a young man and became a planter in Florida, where he was reported to have done very well. At the time of the war he fought in Jackson’s army, and afterwards under Hood, where he rose to be a colonel. When Lee laid down his arms my uncle returned to his plantation, where he remained for three or four years. About 1869 or 1870 he came back to Europe and took a small estate in Sussex, near Horsham. He had made a very considerable fortune in the States, and his reason for leaving them was his aversion to the negroes, and his dislike of the Republican policy in extending the franchise to them. He was a singular man, fierce and quick-tempered, very foul-mouthed when he was angry, and of a most retiring disposition. During all the years that he lived at Horsham, I doubt if ever he set foot in the town. He had a garden and two or three fields round his house, and there he would take his exercise, though very often for weeks on end he would never leave his room. He drank a great deal of brandy and smoked very heavily, but he would see no society and did not want any friends, not even his own brother.

“He didn’t mind me; in fact, he took a fancy to me, for at the time when he saw me first I was a youngster of twelve or so. This would be in the year 1878, after he had been eight or nine years in England. He begged my father to let me live with him and he was very kind to me in his way. When he was sober he used to be fond of playing backgammon and draughts with me, and he would make me his representative both with the servants and with the tradespeople, so that by the time that I was sixteen I was quite master of the house. I kept all the keys and could go where I liked and do what I liked, so long as I did not disturb him in his privacy. There was one singular exception, however, for he had a single room, a lumber-room up among the attics, which was invariably locked, and which he would never permit either me or anyone else to enter. With a boy’s curiosity I have peeped through the keyhole, but I was never able to see more than such a collection of old trunks and bundles as would be expected in such a room.

“One day — it was in March, 1883 — a letter with a foreign stamp lay upon the table in front of the colonel’s plate. It was not a common thing for him to receive letters, for his bills were all paid in ready money, and he had no friends of any sort. ‘From India!’ said he as he took it up, ‘Pondicherry postmark! What can this be?’ Opening it hurriedly, out there jumped five little dried orange pips, which pattered down upon his plate. I began to laugh at this, but the laugh was struck from my lips at the sight of his face. His lip had fallen, his eyes were protruding, his skin the colour of putty, and he glared at the envelope which he still held in his trembling hand, ‘K. K. K.!’ he shrieked, and then, ‘My God, my God, my sins have overtaken me!’

” ‘What is it, uncle?’ I cried.

” ‘Death,’ said he, and rising from the table he retired to his room, leaving me palpitating with horror. I took up the envelope and saw scrawled in red ink upon the inner flap, just above the gum, the letter K three times repeated. There was nothing else save the five dried pips. What could be the reason of his over-powering terror? I left the breakfast-table, and as I ascended the stair I met him coming down with an old rusty key, which must have belonged to the attic, in one hand, and a small brass box, like a cashbox, in the other.

” ‘They may do what they like, but I’ll checkmate them still,’ said he with an oath. ‘Tell Mary that I shall want a fire in my room to-day, and send down to Fordham, the Horsham lawyer.’

“I did as he ordered, and when the lawyer arrived I was asked to step up to the room. The fire was burning brightly, and in the grate there was a mass of black, fluffy ashes, as of burned paper, while the brass box stood open and empty beside it. As I glanced at the box I noticed, with a start, that upon the lid was printed the treble K which I had read in the morning upon the envelope.

” ‘I wish you, John,’ said my uncle, ‘to witness my will. I leave my estate, with all its advantages and all its disadvantages, to my brother, your father, whence it will, no doubt, descend to you. If you can enjoy it in peace, well and good! If you find you cannot, take my advice, my boy, and leave it to your deadliest enemy. I am sorry to give you such a two-edged thing, but I can’t say what turn things are going to take. Kindly sign the paper where Mr. Fordham shows you.’

“I signed the paper as directed, and the lawyer took it away with him. The singular incident made, as you may think, the deepest impression upon me, and I pondered over it and turned it every way in my mind without being able to make anything of it. Yet I could not shake off the vague feeling of dread which it left behind, though the sensation grew less keen as the weeks passed and nothing happened to disturb the usual routine of our lives. I could see a change in my uncle, however. He drank more than ever, and he was less inclined for any sort of society. Most of his time he would spend in his room, with the door locked upon the inside, but sometimes he would emerge in a sort of drunken frenzy and would burst out of the house and tear about the garden with a revolver in his hand, screaming out that he was afraid of no man, and that he was not to be cooped up, like a sheep in a pen, by man or devil. When these hot fits were over however, he would rush tumultuously in at the door and lock and bar it behind him, like a man who can brazen it out no longer against the terror which lies at the roots of his soul. At such times I have seen his face, even on a cold day, glisten with moisture, as though it were new raised from a basin.

“Well, to come to an end of the matter, Mr. Holmes, and not to abuse your patience, there came a night when he made one of those drunken sallies from which he never came back. We found him, when we went to search for him, face downward in a little green-scummed pool, which lay at the foot of the garden. There was no sign of any violence, and the water was but two feet deep, so that the jury, having regard to his known eccentricity, brought in a verdict of ‘suicide.’ But I, who knew how he winced from the very thought of death, had much ado to persuade myself that he had gone out of his way to meet it. The matter passed, however, and my father entered into possession of the estate, and of some 14,000 pounds, which lay to his credit at the bank.”

“One moment,” Holmes interposed, “your statement is, I foresee, one of the most remarkable to which I have ever listened. Let me have the date of the reception by your uncle of the letter, and the date of his supposed suicide.”

“The letter arrived on March 10, 1883. His death was seven weeks later, upon the night of May 2d.”

“Thank you. Pray proceed.”

“When my father took over the Horsham property, he, at my request, made a careful examination of the attic, which had been always locked up. We found the brass box there, although its contents had been destroyed. On the inside of the cover was a paper label, with the initials of K. K. K. repeated upon it, and ‘Letters, memoranda, receipts, and a register’ written beneath. These, we presume, indicated the nature of the papers which had been destroyed by Colonel Openshaw. For the rest, there was nothing of much importance in the attic save a great many scattered papers and note-books bearing upon my uncle’s life in America. Some of them were of the war time and showed that he had done his duty well and had borne the repute of a brave soldier. Others were of a date during the reconstruction of the Southern states, and were mostly concerned with politics, for he had evidently taken a strong part in opposing the carpet-bag politicians who had been sent down from the North.

“Well, it was the beginning of ’84 when my father came to live at Horsham, and all went as well as possible with us until the January of ’85. On the fourth day after the new year I heard my father give a sharp cry of surprise as we sat together at the breakfast-table. There he was, sitting with a newly opened envelope in one hand and five dried orange pips in the outstretched palm of the other one. He had always laughed at what he called my cock-and-bull story about the colonel, but he looked very scared and puzzled now that the same thing had come upon himself.

” ‘Why, what on earth does this mean, John?’ he stammered.

“My heart had turned to lead. ‘It is K. K. K.,’ said I.

“He looked inside the envelope. ‘So it is,’ he cried. ‘Here are the very letters. But what is this written above them?’

” ‘Put the papers on the sundial,’ I read, peeping over his shoulder.

” ‘What papers? What sundial?’ he asked.

” ‘The sundial in the garden. There is no other,’ said I; ‘but the papers must be those that are destroyed.’

” ‘Pooh!’ said he, gripping hard at his courage. ‘We are in a civilized land here, and we can’t have tomfoolery of this kind. Where does the thing come from?’

” ‘From Dundee,’ I answered, glancing at the postmark.

” ‘Some preposterous practical joke,’ said he. ‘What have I to do with sundials and papers? I shall take no notice of such nonsense.’

” ‘I should certainly speak to the police,’ I said.

” ‘And be laughed at for my pains. Nothing of the sort.’

” ‘Then let me do so?’

” ‘No, I forbid you. I won’t have a fuss made about such nonsense.’

“It was in vain to argue with him, for he was a very obstinate man. I went about, however, with a heart which was full of forebodings.

“On the third day after the coming of the letter my father went from home to visit an old friend of his, Major Freebody, who is in command of one of the forts upon Portsdown Hill. I was glad that he should go, for it seemed to me that he was farther from danger when he was away from home. In that, however, I was in error. Upon the second day of his absence I received a telegram from the major, imploring me to come at once. My father had fallen over one of the deep chalk-pits which abound in the neighbourhood, and was lying senseless, with a shattered skull. I hurried to him, but he passed away without having ever recovered his consciousness. He had, as it appears, been returning from Fareham in the twilight, and as the country was unknown to him, and the chalk-pit unfenced, the jury had no hesitation in bringing in a verdict of ‘death from accidental causes.’ Carefully as I examined every fact connected with his death, I was unable to find anything which could suggest the idea of murder. There were no signs of violence, no footmarks, no robbery, no record of strangers having been seen upon the roads. And yet I need not tell you that my mind was far from at ease, and that I was well-nigh certain that some foul plot had been woven round him.

“In this sinister way I came into my inheritance. You will ask me why I did not dispose of it? I answer, because I was well convinced that our troubles were in some way dependent upon an incident in my uncle’s life, and that the danger would be as pressing in one house as in another.

“It was in January, ’85, that my poor father met his end, and two years and eight months have elapsed since then. During that time I have lived happily at Horsham, and I had begun to hope that this curse had passed way from the family, and that it had ended with the last generation. I had begun to take comfort too soon, however; yesterday morning the blow fell in the very shape in which it had come upon my father.”

The young man took from his waistcoat a crumpled envelope, and turning to the table he shook out upon it five little dried orange pips.

“This is the envelope,” he continued. “The postmark is London — eastern division. Within are the very words which were upon my father’s last message: ‘K. K. K.’; and then ‘Put the papers on the sundial.’ “

“What have you done?” asked Holmes.

“To tell the truth” — he sank his face into his thin, white hands — “I have felt helpless. I have felt like one of those poor rabbits when the snake is writhing towards it. I seem to be in the grasp of some resistless, inexorable evil, which no foresight and no precautions can guard against.”

“Tut! tut!” cried Sherlock Holmes. “You must act, man, or you are lost. Nothing but energy can save you. This is no time for despair.”

“I have seen the police.”

“But they listened to my story with a smile. I am convinced that the inspector has formed the opinion that the letters are all practical jokes, and that the deaths of my relations were really accidents, as the jury stated, and were not to be connected with the warnings.”

Holmes shook his clenched hands in the air. “Incredible imbecility!” he cried.

“They have, however, allowed me a policeman, who may remain in the house with me.”

“Has he come with you tonight?”

“No. His orders were to stay in the house.”

Again Holmes raved in the air.

“Why did you not come to me,” he cried, “and, above all, why did you not come at once?”

“I did not know. It was only today that I spoke to Major Prendergast about my troubles and was advised by him to come to you.”

“It is really two days since you had the letter. We should have acted before this. You have no further evidence, I suppose, than that which you have placed before us — no suggestive detail which might help us?”

“There is one thing,” said John Openshaw. He rummaged in his coat pocket, and, drawing out a piece of discoloured, blue-tinted paper, he laid it out upon the table. “I have some remembrance,” said he, “that on the day when my uncle burned the papers I observed that the small, unburned margins which lay amid the ashes were of this particular colour. I found this single sheet upon the floor of his room, and I am inclined to think that it may be one of the papers which has, perhaps, fluttered out from among the others, and in that way has escaped destruction. Beyond the mention of pips, I do not see that it helps us much. I think myself that it is a page from some private diary. The writing is undoubtedly my uncle’s.”

Holmes moved the lamp, and we both bent over the sheet of paper, which showed by its ragged edge that it had indeed been torn from a book. It was headed, “March, 1869,” and beneath were the following enigmatical notices:

4th. Hudson came. Same old platform.

7th. Set the pips on McCauley, Paramore, and John Swain, of St. Augustine.

9th. McCauley cleared.

10th. John Swain cleared.

12th. Visited Paramore. All well.

“Thank you!” said Holmes, folding up the paper and returning it to our visitor. “And now you must on no account lose another instant. We cannot spare time even to discuss what you have told me. You must get home instantly and act.”

“What shall I do?”

“There is but one thing to do. It must be done at once. You must put this piece of paper which you have shown us into the brass box which you have described. You must also put in a note to say that all the other papers were burned by your uncle, and that this is the only one which remains. You must assert that in such words as will carry conviction with them. Having done this, you must at once put the box out upon the sundial, as directed. Do you understand?”

“Do not think of revenge, or anything of the sort, at present. I think that we may gain that by means of the law; but we have our web to weave, while theirs is already woven. The first consideration is to remove the pressing danger which threatens you. The second is to clear up the mystery and to punish the guilty parties.”

“I thank you,” said the young man, rising and pulling on his overcoat. “You have given me fresh life and hope. I shall certainly do as you advise.”

“Do not lose an instant. And, above all, take care of yourself in the meanwhile, for I do not think that there can be a doubt that you are threatened by a very real and imminent danger. How do you go back?”

“By train from Waterloo.”

“It is not yet nine. The streets will be crowded, so l trust that you may be in safety. And yet you cannot guard yourself too closely.”

“That is well. To-morrow I shall set to work upon your case.”

“I shall see you at Horsham, then?”

“No, your secret lies in London. It is there that I shall seek it.”

“Then I shall call upon you in a day, or in two days, with news as to the box and the papers. I shall take your advice in every particular.” He shook hands with us and took his leave. Outside the wind still screamed and the rain splashed and pattered against the windows. This strange, wild story seemed to have come to us from amid the mad elements — blown in upon us like a sheet of sea-weed in a gale — and now to have been reabsorbed by them once more.

Sherlock Holmes sat for some time in silence, with his head sunk forward and his eyes bent upon the red glow of the fire. Then he lit his pipe, and leaning back in his chair he watched the blue smoke-rings as they chased each other up to the ceiling.

“I think, Watson,” he remarked at last, “that of all our cases we have had none more fantastic than this.”

“Save, perhaps, the Sign of Four.”

“Well, yes. Save, perhaps, that. And yet this John Openshaw seems to me to be walking amid even greater perils than did the Sholtos.”

“But have you,” I asked, “formed any definite conception as to what these perils are?”

“There can be no question as to their nature,” he answered.

“Then what are they? Who is this K. K. K., and why does he pursue this unhappy family?”

Sherlock Holmes closed his eyes and placed his elbows upon the arms of his chair, with his finger-tips together. “The ideal reasoner,” he remarked, “would, when he had once been shown a single fact in all its bearings, deduce from it not only all the chain of events which led up to it but also all the results which would follow from it. As Cuvier could correctly describe a whole animal by the contemplation of a single bone, so the observer who has thoroughly understood one link in a series of incidents should be able to accurately state all the other ones, both before and after. We have not yet grasped the results which the reason alone can attain to. Problems may be solved in the study which have baffled all those who have sought a solution by the aid of their senses. To carry the art, however, to its highest pitch, it is necessary that the reasoner should be able to utilize all the facts which have come to his knowledge; and this in itself implies, as you will readily see, a possession of all knowledge, which, even in these days of free education and encyclopaedias, is a somewhat rare accomplishment. It is not so impossible, however, that a man should possess all knowledge which is likely to be useful to him in his work, and this I have endeavoured in my case to do. If I remember rightly, you on one occasion, in the early days of our friendship, defined my limits in a very precise fashion.”

“Yes,” I answered, laughing. “It was a singular document. Philosophy, astronomy, and politics were marked at zero, I remember. Botany variable, geology profound as regards the mud-stains from any region within fifty miles of town, chemistry eccentric, anatomy unsystematic, sensational literature and crime records unique, violin-player, boxer, swordsman, lawyer, and self-poisoner by cocaine and tobacco. Those, I think, were the main points of my analysis.”

Holmes grinned at the last item. “Well,” he said, “I say now, as I said then, that a man should keep his little brain-attic stocked with all the furniture that he is likely to use, and the rest he can put away in the lumber-room of his library, where he can get it if he wants it. Now, for such a case as the one which has been submitted to us to-night, we need certainly to muster all our resources. Kindly hand me down the letter K of the American Encyclopaedia which stands upon the shelf beside you. Thank you. Now let us consider the situation and see what may be deduced from it. In the first place, we may start with a strong presumption that Colonel Openshaw had some very strong reason for leaving America. Men at his time of life do not change all their habits and exchange willingly the charming climate of Florida for the lonely life of an English provincial town. His extreme love of solitude in England suggests the idea that he was in fear of someone or something, so we may assume as a working hypothesis that it was fear of someone or something which drove him from America. As to what it was he feared, we can only deduce that by considering the formidable letters which were received by himself and his successors. Did you remark the postmarks of those letters?”

“The first was from Pondicherry, the second from Dundee, and the third from London.”

“From East London. What do you deduce from that?”

“They are all seaports. That the writer was on board of a ship.”

“Excellent. We have already a clue. There can be no doubt that the probability — the strong probability — is that the writer was on board of a ship. And now let us consider another point. In the case of Pondicherry, seven weeks elapsed between the threat and its fulfillment, in Dundee it was only some three or four days. Does that suggest anything?”

“A greater distance to travel.”

“But the letter had also a greater distance to come.”

“Then I do not see the point.”

“There is at least a presumption that the vessel in which the man or men are is a sailing-ship. It looks as if they always sent their singular warning or token before them when starting upon their mission. You see how quickly the deed followed the sign when it came from Dundee. If they had come from Pondicherry in a steamer they would have arrived almost as soon as their letter. But, as a matter of fact, seven weeks elapsed. I think that those seven weeks represented the difference between the mail-boat which brought the letter and the sailing vessel which brought the writer.”

“More than that. It is probable. And now you see the deadly urgency of this new case, and why I urged young Openshaw to caution. The blow has always fallen at the end of the time which it would take the senders to travel the distance. But this one comes from London, and therefore we cannot count upon delay.”

“Good God!” I cried. “What can it mean, this relentless persecution?”

“The papers which Openshaw carried are obviously of vital importance to the person or persons in the sailing-ship. I think that it is quite clear that there must be more than one of them. A single man could not have carried out two deaths in such a way as to deceive a coroner’s jury. There must have been several in it, and they must have been men of resource and determination. Their papers they mean to have, be the holder of them who it may. In this way you see K. K. K. ceases to be the initials of an individual and becomes the badge of a society.”

“But of what society?”

“Have you never –” said Sherlock Holmes, bending forward and sinking his voice –“have you never heard of the Ku Klux Klan?”

Holmes turned over the leaves of the book upon his knee. “Here it is,” said he presently:

“Ku Klux Klan. A name derived from the fanciful resemblance to the sound produced by cocking a rifle. This terrible secret society was formed by some ex-Confederate soldiers in the Southern states after the Civil War, and it rapidly formed local branches in different parts of the country, notably in Tennessee, Louisiana, the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida. Its power was used for political purposes, principally for the terrorizing of the negro voters and the murdering and driving from the country of those who were opposed to its views. Its outrages were usually preceded by a warning sent to the marked man in some fantastic but generally recognized shape — a sprig of oak-leaves in some parts, melon seeds or orange pips in others. On receiving this the victim might either openly abjure his former ways, or might fly from the country. If he braved the matter out, death would unfailingly come upon him, and usually in some strange and unforeseen manner. So perfect was the organization of the society, and so systematic its methods, that there is hardly a case upon record where any man succeeded in braving it with impunity, or in which any of its outrages were traced home to the perpetrators. For some years the organization flourished in spite of the efforts of the United States government and of the better classes of the community in the South. Eventually, in the year 1869, the movement rather suddenly collapsed, although there have been sporadic outbreaks of the same sort since that date.

“You will observe,” said Holmes, laying down the volume, “that the sudden breaking up of the society was coincident with the disappearance of Openshaw from America with their papers. It may well have been cause and effect. It is no wonder that he and his family have some of the more implacable spirits upon their track. You can understand that this register and diary may implicate some of the first men in the South, and that there may be many who will not sleep easy at night until it is recovered.”

“Then the page we have seen –“

“Is such as we might expect. It ran, if I remember right, ‘sent the pips to A, B, and C’ — that is, sent the society’s warning to them. Then there are successive entries that A and B cleared, or left the country, and finally that C was visited, with, I fear, a sinister result for C. Well, I think, Doctor, that we may let some light into this dark place, and I believe that the only chance young Openshaw has in the meantime is to do what I have told him. There is nothing more to be said or to be done to-night, so hand me over my violin and let us try to forget for half an hour the miserable weather and the still more miserable ways of our fellowmen.”

It had cleared in the morning, and the sun was shining with a subdued brightness through the dim veil which hangs over the great city. Sherlock Holmes was already at breakfast when I came down.

“You will excuse me for not waiting for you,” said he; “I have, I foresee, a very busy day before me in looking into this case of young Openshaw’s.”

“What steps will you take?” I asked.

“It will very much depend upon the results of my first inquiries. I may have to go down to Horsham, after all.”

“You will not go there first?”

“No, I shall commence with the City. Just ring the bell and the maid will bring up your coffee.”

As I waited, I lifted the unopened newspaper from the table and glanced my eye over it. It rested upon a heading which sent a chill to my heart.

“Holmes,” I cried, “you are too late.”

“Ah!” said he, laying down his cup, “I feared as much. How was it done?” He spoke calmly, but I could see that he was deeply moved.

“My eye caught the name of Openshaw, and the heading ‘Tragedy Near Waterloo Bridge.’ Here is the account:

“Between nine and ten last night Police-Constable Cook, of the H Division, on duty near Waterloo Bridge, heard a cry for help and a splash in the water. The night, however, was extremely dark and stormy, so that, in spite of the help of several passers-by, it was quite impossible to effect a rescue. The alarm, however, was given, and, by the aid of the water-police, the body was eventually recovered. It proved to be that of a young gentleman whose name, as it appears from an envelope which was found in his pocket, was John Openshaw, and whose residence is near Horsham. It is conjectured that he may have been hurrying down to catch the last train from Waterloo Station, and that in his haste and the extreme darkness he missed his path and walked over the edge of one of the small landing-places for river steamboats. The body exhibited no traces of violence, and there can be no doubt that the deceased had been the victim of an unfortunate accident, which should have the effect of calling the attention of the authorities to the condition of the riverside landing-stages.”

We sat in silence for some minutes, Holmes more depressed and shaken than I had ever seen him.

“That hurts my pride, Watson,” he said at last. “It is a petty feeling, no doubt, but it hurts my pride. It becomes a personal matter with me now, and, if God sends me health, I shall set my hand upon this gang. That he should come to me for help, and that I should send him away to his death –!” He sprang from his chair and paced about the room in uncontrollable agitation, with a flush upon his sallow cheeks and a nervous clasping and unclasping of his long thin hands.

“They must be cunning devils,” he exclaimed at last. “How could they have decoyed him down there? The Embankment is not on the direct line to the station. The bridge, no doubt, was too crowded, even on such a night, for their purpose. Well, Watson, we shall see who will win in the long run. I am going out now!”

“No; I shall be my own police. When I have spun the web they may take the flies, but not before.”

All day I was engaged in my professional work, and it was late in the evening before I returned to Baker Street. Sherlock Holmes had not come back yet. It was nearly ten o’clock before he entered, looking pale and worn. He walked up to the sideboard, and tearing a piece from the loaf he devoured it voraciously, washing it down with a long draught of water.

“You are hungry,” I remarked.

“Starving. It had escaped my memory. I have had nothing since breakfast.”

“Not a bite. I had no time to think of it.”

“And how have you succeeded?”

“You have a clue?”

“I have them in the hollow of my hand. Young Openshaw shall not long remain unavenged. Why, Watson, let us put their own devilish trade-mark upon them. It is well thought of!”

“What do you mean?”

He took an orange from the cupboard, and tearing it to pieces he squeezed out the pips upon the table. Of these he took five and thrust them into an envelope. On the inside of the flap he wrote “S. H. for J. O.” Then he sealed it and addressed it to “Captain James Calhoun, Bark Lone Star, Savannah, Georgia.”

“That will await him when he enters port,” said he, chuckling. “It may give him a sleepless night. He will find it as sure a precursor of his fate as Openshaw did before him.”

“And who is this Captain Calhoun?”

“The leader of the gang. I shall have the others, but he first.”

“How did you trace it, then?”

He took a large sheet of paper from his pocket, all covered with dates and names.

“I have spent the whole day,” said he, “over Lloyd’s registers and files of the old papers, following the future career of every vessel which touched at Pondicherry in January and February in ’83. There were thirty-six ships of fair tonnage which were reported there during those months. Of these, one, the Lone Star, instantly attracted my attention, since, although it was reported as having cleared from London, the name is that which is given to one of the states of the Union.”

“I was not and am not sure which; but I knew that the ship must have an American origin.”

“I searched the Dundee records, and when I found that the bark Lone Star was there in January, ’85, my suspicion became a certainty. I then inquired as to the vessels which lay at present in the port of London.”

“The Lone Star had arrived here last week. I went down to the Albert Dock and found that she had been taken down the river by the early tide this morning, homeward bound to Savannah. I wired to Gravesend and learned that she had passed some time ago, and as the wind is easterly I have no doubt that she is now past the Goodwins and not very far from the Isle of Wight.”

“What will you do, then?”

“Oh, I have my hand upon him. He and the two mates, are as I learn, the only native-born Americans in the ship. The others are Finns and Germans. I know, also, that they were all three away from the ship last night. I had it from the stevedore who has been loading their cargo. By the time that their sailing-ship reaches Savannah the mail-boat will have carried this letter, and the cable will have informed the police of Savannah that these three gentlemen are badly wanted here upon a charge of murder.”

There is ever a flaw, however, in the best laid of human plans, and the murderers of John Openshaw were never to receive the orange pips which would show them that another, as cunning and as resolute as themselves, was upon their track. Very long and very severe were the equinoctial gales that year. We waited long for news of the Lone Star of Savannah, but none ever reached us. We did at last hear that somewhere far out in the Atlantic a shattered stern-post of the boat was seen swinging in the trough of a wave, with the letters “L. S.” carved upon it, and that is all which we shall ever know of the fate of the Lone Star.

The Five Orange Pips When I glance over my notes and records of the Sherlock Holmes cases between the years ’82 and ’90, I am faced by so many which present strange and interesting features that