Gro4Me Home of Stoney Girl Gardens – Portlandsterdam – Stoney Only Dispensary Starting with Seeds Lesson 12 – Seeds (Videos Below) Always start with cuttings if you can. You will know Hi Nico, Quick question: Should I germinate my seeds before planting? If so, what's the best way to do it? Thanks, Cori W. Hi Cori, thank you for writing
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Starting with Seeds
Lesson 12 – Seeds (Videos Below)
Always start with cuttings if you can. You will know the genetics and sex of the plant. A cutting will also grow faster and produce an exact replica of the parent.
Sometimes there is no other way than to start with seeds. We use seeds for backup when we don’t have cuttings or starting a new breed. Don’t use Jiffy Pots or Rock Wool. Don’t use paper towels. Don’t expose seeds directly to sunlight. Just follow the instructions in the following video. We make it easy.
Note: see the illustration below for a better explanation of “Tails Up” as referred to in the video. Also note that if you have a long tail on your seed see the Exception below.
Tips on Seeds
- •Genetics = know the origin and history. You can’t make a low grade super weed with your miracle garden. Mexican will never be Kush.
- Hybrid or Breeding Stock- is this a bag seed or did it come from a breeder? If it is a bag seed then little is known about the genetics and the seeds may all be quite different. You may want to plant several to see which one you want to keep. Breeder seeds are best.
- Expect the extra time (Up to 30 Days). Clones are much faster than seeds. Seeds take longer.
- Male or Female – Sex it early (more on this in the Sexing lesson).
- Advantages of Seeds are that there are no Bugs and they grow with more vigor.
Advantages of Cuttings
- Known origin and history – you get an exact replica of the parent.
- Known sex – There is nothing more bummer than spending all that time growing to find out you have a male.
- Less Time – It takes a month more to grow a seed.
Tails Up Illustration
Here is a diagram of an incorrectly planted seed. Note that the tail first goes to the surface then has to turn to go down into the soil. This will often cause the root to go above the surface and dry, or it will drain the energy from the seed because it has to make the extra turn.
Above shows an improperly positioned seed. Below shows a properly positioned seed.
The diagram below shows the seed properly positioned with the pointed end of the seed up. The tap root will turn and go down, pushing the seed up and out of the soil.
If your seed tail is long (more than 3/4 inch) then plant it tail down. Note that the tail is still coming out of the top of the seed. The exit point of the root is usually towards the top. If the root is long, plant it root down, otherwise it will be too deep.
Sometimes your seed in the cup will have a long tail. A long tail may be anywhere from 3/4 of an inch to 3 inches long. In this case you must plant the seed with the tail down.
Poke a hole deep enough for the tail to go down and the seed to be just below the surface of the dirt. It would not be logical to plant the seed 3 inches deep and it would not survive.
Don’t forget to spray the surface every day with some water. We use our starter fluid. Don’t fertilize the seed at this stage as it is easy to burn. Water only after the soil has lightened. Pick up the container and feel the weight. If it starts feeling light then water it. Be careful not to overwater. The plant will die if the roots are standing in water.
Seeds Starting and Planting Videos
Seeds at 2 weeks
More Explanations and Exceptions Video
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Seed Germination & Planting
Hi Cori, thank you for writing us! Your question is pretty simple to answer, but sometimes not so simple to do! In short, yes, most growers tend to germinate seeds before planting them into their grow medium of choice.
To be clear, however, germination of seeds is not necessary prior to planting in medium. You can sow seeds directly into the medium and they will also germinate there, but not always with the same success rate. The reason growers choose to germinate outside the grow medium is because it is easier to control the conditions surrounding the seeds. This leads to the second part of your question, which is the best-case practices for germinating seeds – this leads to the harder answers.
There are many different ways to germinate seeds. Probably the best methods involve keeping the practice as natural as possible. The simplest methods use water, warmth and darkness – all conditions the seed would naturally encounter underground. Many folks simply lay some seeds down on a paper towel on a flat plate, cover them with another paper towel, then moisten the paper and place the plate in a warm dark place. A popular hiding spot has always been on top of the refrigerator, while more professional growers employ heat mats that lie flat beneath seedling/ clone trays. Heat mats are an excellent and inexpensive aid for seed germination. Whatever you decide, the temperature should be 10-20 degrees above room temperature, or range between 78 – 90F.
Of course, there are always the tricky strains or the old seeds that are quite fussy and refuse to pop. These seeds require a bit more attention and creativity. Some people prefer to soak the seeds for a short period before placing them in a moist and warm place for germinating. Some people go as far as to use mild chemical solutions to help soften the shell and prod the seeds. Other growers will even use very sharp and sterile razors to carefully slice seed shells or tips to help induce germination. These practices are all risky and should only be used as a last resort.
Once a seed cracks open, the taproot appears. This taproot will become the plants primary root from which all other roots will grow. Technically, the seed is germinated once you can see the white of the taproot. Some grows prefer to wait until the taproot is 1-2 cm long before planting the germinated seed into a medium. Once you are ready to do so, be sure to place the seed about a half-inch below the surface of the medium with the taproot point downward and the seed shell on top. Be sure there is some space for the seed shell to push upwards through the medium, towards the light. At this point, the very young seedling still needs moisture, warmth and a bit of light now to direct its growth in the right direction. The seedling will likely be in this medium and container for a few more weeks before the seedling is ready to be transplanted into a larger container for vegetation.
Thanks for reading everyone and remember: Grow… And help the world grow, too!