Planting Weed Seeds Straight In Soil

So you want to start growing cannabis, huh? Great! Where do you start? What do you need? How do you have a successful germination rate? Let's get right into it! What is seed germination? Do you need to start them indoors? Can you plant seeds without germinating? Read this article to learn more. Direct seeding cannabis seeds – The Seed Connect – Direct seeding cannabis seeds

How To Germinate & Plant Cannabis Seeds – Cybele Labs

So you want to start growing cannabis, huh? Great! Where do you start? What do you need? How do you have a successful germination rate?

If reading is not your thing, check out our video tutorial on YouTube. Let’s get right into it!

How To Germinate Cannabis Seeds

Things you’ll need

  1. Your favourite cannabis seeds
  2. Glass of tap water (any container works)
  3. Paper towel
  4. Tupperware container

Get yourself a glass and fill it with water, tap water is perfectly fine. Drop your seeds in and place the glass in a dark space like a cabinet or cupboard and check back in 12 hours. Make sure its a dark spot so you can restrict all light, this will allow your seeds to germinate properly. If you have multiple different seeds (strains) be sure to label each glass and separate them accordingly.

Now once you come back you’ll notice most of the seeds have sunk to the bottom of the glass, If you see some floaters, give them a poke and they should drop to the bottom. Back into the dark space for another 12 hours.

At this point your seeds will begin to crack open and you’ll notice a small white spot, this is the beginning of a tap root. Now you’re ready for the next step, get some paper towel and dump the water plus seeds onto the paper towel to soak it completely. Reposition your seeds so they’re evenly spaced and fold the paper towel over, ensure the seeds have full contact with the soaking wet paper towel. At this point you can place the paper towel into a tupperware container and put it back into a dark spot for 12 – 24 hours.

After 12 – 24 hours you will see a tap root approximately 5 millimetres long, your cannabis seeds are now ready to be planted in a growing medium of your choice! We used soil in this tutorial.

How To Plant Cannabis Seeds

Things you’ll need

  1. Your germinated cannabis seeds
  2. Small pots or a seed starting tray
  3. Your favourite seed starting mix
  4. Toothpick
  5. Spray bottle filled with warm water
  6. Dome or plastic cover
  7. Heating pad (optional)

Fill your starting tray with a seed starting mix and gently pack the soil down with your finger. Use a toothpick to poke a 1inch hole directly in the centre of each pot and then place each seed, tap root down into the hole. This will allow the tap root to shoot down into the soil and anchor itself, don’t burry the seed, make sure it’s completely visible.

Spray each individual pot with warm water and cover the pots with a plastic dome or plastic cover. Now the goal is to have your germinated seeds anchor into the soil and shoot straight up which is the beginning of your cannabis plants stem. Cover the dome with a blanket or towel and use a heating pad to help speed up the process, this is totally optional. Check back in 24 hours, throw the pots under some grow lights and boom, you’re on the way to growing some cannabis.

5 Methods for Germinating Seeds + Can You Plant Seeds without Germinating?

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When you are starting your first garden, the whole process of germinating seeds can seem like a mystery. Do you need to start them indoors? Can they germinate directly in the soil? Can you plant seeds without germinating?

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These are all excellent questions typically asked by new gardeners. And they are reasonable too. We hear so many vocabulary words thrown at us when we start learning how to grow things that it can all be confusing.

Can you plant seeds without germinating? You can plant seeds without germinating them first. This is called “direct sow” where the seeds are put directly into the soil without first sprouting or germinating them indoors.

Table of Contents

What is Seed Germination?

Seed germination is the process of seed growing into a plant. In gardening, we typically refer to germination as the process of taking a seed to a sprout.

Usually, we are looking at germination to tell us that the seeds we are using are viable. It can take a lot of work to grow flowers and vegetables. Even before the seed is ever planted beds have to be prepped, soil prepared or amended and weeds removed. Then there is seed selection and deciding when to plant.

After all of that work, what if your plants never grow? How will you know if it was the seed or something else?

Germinating Seeds in Soil

If you want to germinate seeds directly into your soil, there are a few steps you should take and a few caveats you should be aware of.

1. Prepare Your Soil

You’ll first want to prepare your soil to receive the seeds. Your soil should be nicely tilled and loose so that your seedling can easily establish a root system as it emerges.

You may want to ammend your soil to make sure it has all of the nutrients your seedling will need to thrive. The best way to know what your soil needs is to test it.

A soil test meter, like this one, is a great way to check the pH of the soil. Depending on what you are growing you may need to add it to best suit the plant.

2. Add Water

Your soil should be moist but not soaking wet. The moisture will help to soften the seed and promote germination. During this process, you’ll want to try and make sure the seed never dries out.

Many seed starting kits offer a lid to help trap moisture inside the container. When you are sowing directly into a pot or garden, one thing you can do to help the soil retain moisture is using plastic sheeting to cover the bed during the germination process.

3. Keep it Warm

Most seeds need a warm environment to grow. Warmth and moisture are the perfect equation to help a seed sprout.

A good rule of thumb is to know the sun requirements of the plants you are trying to grow and make sure that your garden bed or pot is in a location that matches.

It makes sense that if a plant normally grows in full sun, for example, that the seedling also germinates best in full sun.

Keep in mind that if you are planting early or happen to have a cold snap, a chill could kill the sensitive plant. It happens in nature, and it can happen in your garden, so it is one thing to be aware of (and a reason some prefer to germinate seeds indoors).

4. Don’t Plant to Deep

One mistake new gardeners will sometimes make is planting a seed too deep into the soil. Your seed packet may provide you with some instructions but, in general, smaller seeds should be planted closer to the surface, and larger seeds can go deeper.

Of course, planting seeds close to the surface makes them a yummy target for seed eaters, like birds, who may be passing by. A plastic covering, or even light weight bird netting, will help protect your seeds from being disturbed while they have a chance to grow.

5. Be Patient

Germinating seeds outside can take longer than germinating them indoors. There are wider temperature fluctuations. It can also be harder to maintain consistent moisture in the soil.

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Both of these factors can lead to slower germination. Don’t stress out if you don’t see seedlings popping up right away, just be patient!

4 Ways to Germinate Seeds Indoors

1. Use Peat Pellets

We’ve all seen these kits in the store. Typically right next to the seed section you’ll find any of a variety of different seed starting kits. The easiest of these is the peat pellet kit.

I mean, what can be easier, you add water so that the pellets expand, put the top on and set it in a sunny place to germinate. Pretty soon, you’ll have perfectly germinated seeds ready to plant in their new home.

Best of all, the peat pellets transfer right along with the seedling so you don’t have to worry about damaging the sprout when you move it.

2. Use a Paper Towel

Many seeds can be germinated simply by gentling sandwiching the seeds in between two layers of wet paper towels. The paper towel is then usually placed in a plastic sandwich bag or even an old tupperware container.

The idea here is just to get the seeds to the point where they have sprouted, and then transfer them to soil for further growth.

This is also a great way to check if the seeds you have are viable. By germinating in paper towel, you eliminate any concerns you might have about soil type or quality.

If you don’t have paper towels handy, any sturdy paper product can work. Coffee filters make an excellent substitute, for example.

3. Seed Starting Trays

While I already mentioned the peat pellet trays above (because they are my favorite), there are a variety of other seed starting trays on the market that can do just as good a job.

In fact, these can be more economical than the peat pellet system. You will need to take into consideration whether you want a system with a top or not. Drainage is also a factor, you may need a pan to sit underneath them to catch excess water that drains out.

You don’t need a commercial system either. You still need to purchase seed starting soil for most tray systems. You could add that soil to any of a variety of other “containers” including empty eggshells eggs, paper cups, etc.

4. Germinating Seeds in Sand

Sand can be an excellent substrate for germinating seeds as well. It has great drainage, retains heat and is easy to come by. It’s one way to keep your seeds moist and help them to germinate.

You can use pure sand or a 50/50 mix of sand and seed starting mix for this germination method. According to the Indiana Crop Improvement Association, a good result from sand germination is 93% or higher!

Direct seeding cannabis seeds

There are different ways to germinate cannabis seeds; there is the paper towel or baggie method and a host of others.

Today we look at how our ancestors germinated seeds, dropping them straight into the soil.

Direct seeding cannabis seeds is a method we employ in our growing operations on a small scale large scale.

This article breaks down how we employ the direct sowing of marijuana seeds to guarantee reasonable germination rates.

How to germinate cannabis seeds using the direct seeding method.

We adopt a two-step approach to sowing marijuana seeds.

  1. Prepare the hole (soil)
  2. Plant the seeds

1. Prepare the hole.

Irrespective of the germination method, you need to prepare the hole before planting.

This often involves digging a hole and then amending the soil.

How deep and wide to dig a hole for a cannabis plant?

Ideal hole sizes for Sativa and indica plants.

Sativas: 3 feet deep and 6 feet wide.

Indicas: 2 feet deep and 4 feet wide

Sativas tend to grow into bigger plants and therefore need a bigger hole than indicas; this is because Sativa plants tend to develop a tap root that grows deeper with a root ball wider than the canopy.

This is different from an indica whose taproot doesn’t grow that deep, though the size of the root ball is comparable to those of sativas.

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For that reason, the indicas can thrive in a 3 feet deep and 4 feet wide whole.

We recommend the hole sizes that we have found to enable our plants to produce a more than average yield.

However, the bigger and deeper the hole, the better. Because this gives you a lot more room to add all the good stuff that your weed plants will need.

2. Plant the seeds directly in the soil

There are two ways to go about this;

First, plant the seeds in a hole whose depth is two times the thickness of the seed.

Second, plant the seeds in a hole ½ inch deep from the surface.

The risk with the second method of planting cannabis seeds in deep holes is that the seed may rot, or if it did sprout, the sprout would fail to break the ground.

Seed Connect recommendation: Poke a hole in moist soil with your finger or a stick twice the size of the seed.

Moisten the soil, plant the seed, and then cover with a pinch or two of soil.

Add moisture by using a mist spray.

Do not water your seeds/soil because this may push the seeds down, causing them to rot or fail to break the ground. That’s why we recommend using mist spray.

The Best Time of Day to Plant Cannabis Seeds Outdoors

The best time to plant marijuana seeds outdoors is in the morning.

When you plant seeds directly into the soil, they benefit from 12 to 16 hours of sunlight every day.

Only, Mornings allow seeds to get the most exposure to sunlight.

This ensures that seeds get the warmth they need early on from the optimal temperatures (65 and 75 degrees) that the night doesn’t offer if seeds are planted later in the day.

Another plus for planting cannabis seeds in the morning is that you can provide your seeds with the moisture they need within the first 12 hours of the day.

This constant humidity improves the chances of your seeds germinating.

Advantages of planting cannabis seeds using the direct seeding method

The direct seeding method is a way to plant cannabis seeds in soil without using containers or pots. The advantage of this method is that it is a very low-cost and low-maintenance technique.

Direct seeding also allows for more control over the environment and growing conditions, which can be beneficial when growing cannabis outdoors.

It avoids the extra work of transplanting marijuana plants.

Germinating your seeds straight in soil saves the risks and shock that may result from transplanting fragile seedlings.

Starting from the soil directly often gives cannabis plants a better start.

Disadvantages of planting cannabis seeds using the direct seeding method

Direct seeding means planting seeds directly into the ground. This is a good option for those who want to grow cannabis plants outdoors.

However, there are some concerns and issues with direct seeding your cannabis plants.

For example, you will have to wait longer before harvesting your plants than if you were growing them indoors. This is mainly because germinating seeds outdoors depends on the weather. That means you would need to wait to germinate your seeds in spring.

You also have to be careful about over-watering the soil or letting it dry out too much.

How long does it take for seeds planted directly in soil to germinate?

Your seeds should break through the ground in 3 days.

Although it can take up to 7 days for them to germinate.

The time it takes depends on the conditions of germination your seeds are exposed to.

If you plant in the morning ensuring your seeds get the optimum temperature and humidity, and moisten your seeds through the day, they should pop up in under 5 days.

We love the direct sowing of marijuana seeds for their efficiency and simplicity.

For those growing autoflowers outdoors, this is the method we recommend for germinating marijuana seeds.