Should I start my cannabis plant with seeds or clones?
Should you start growing your cannabis plant with seeds or clones? Each method has pros and cons, so check out the comparison below to find out what’s right for you!
Starting With Cannabis Seeds
If you buy your seeds from an established seed bank, than you have a great idea on how your plant will be like in terms of looks, yield, quality, and flowering time.
Cannabis seeds can be discreetly delivered to almost anywhere in the world – you don’t need to know a cannabis grower in person or collect bagseed in order to start growing with seeds
You can purchase feminized seeds from a seed bank which means you will get 100% females and don’t have to worry about male marijuana plants. Only female cannabis plants produce bud. Learn more about male and female cannabis plants.
You can breed your own seeds by mating two cannabis plants, which gives you a basically unlimited supply of seeds
Seeds give you the best chance of a ‘clean slate’ which means you plants won’t come with any sort of disease or pests
Not all seeds will germinate
Old seeds or improperly stored seeds may be slow growing
If using non-feminized seeds, about half of the plants will end up being male, which do not produce buds. Learn how to identify male plants right away.
Seeds can take a little more time than clones to get started growing and be ready for harvest, since clones are usually already “mature” and established when you start growing
Costs can add up if purchasing seeds for every grow, and famous strains can cost quite a bit of money per seed
Creating your own seeds will save you monetary cost, but there is still a cost in time (and effort) to cross together two plants to make seeds
Seeds are a good way for many people to start growing because they can be easily purchased off the internet. Where can I safely purchase cannabis seeds?
Sometimes you will find good seeds (bagseed) in marijuana that you have purchased which can definitely be used to start growing. The downside of using seeds that you find is you will have no idea what to expect as far as growth, yields, or size. The bud quality of bagseed is often different from the buds it came from, since it is not a stablized strain. It could be like the bud it was found it, or it could be completely different.
When using unknown seeds, you will need to determine the gender your plants as they are growing to prevent any males from pollinating your females.
Healthy seeds should be dark brown or light grey. If you find seeds which are small and white, they are likely immature and won’t germinate properly.
Healthy seeds can be stored in a cool dark place, or your fridge until you’re ready to use them(don’t freeze them).
Seeds which are kept in a cool, dark place remain viable for years, though after a few years you will notice that they take a bit longer to germinate and you may get a few more duds than with fresh seeds. Seedlings from older seeds can also be really slow growing even if you’re giving them perfect conditions.
Starting With Cannabis Clones
Guaranteed gender – if the mother plant was female, the clone will be female too
Clones usually have a head start compared to starting with a seed, since clones are usually already mature and established when you start growing with them. Compared to seeds, clones usually have an overall shorter grow period and therefore will be ready to harvest a bit more quickly.
Clones can be quickly grown into a ‘mom’ and recloned, for a constant source of new plants. You can clone any plant to create an unlimited amount of plants
Since clones are genetically identical to their mother plant, you know almost exactly what you’re getting. Although there is some variance even between clones, they tend to grow much more alike than two random plants.
Rooted clones can be coaxed to flower almost immediately if time or space is an issue
Clones can be harder to find compared to seeds – many people don’t know a cannabis grower in real life, and seeds are really easy for almost anyone to get due to the availability of online seed banks
If the original grower had any problems with the mother plant (like pests or viruses) then it’s possible that the new grower (you) can inherit the same problems from the clone
If you start with a clone that hasn’t been well established, it’s possible it might unexpectedly die on you, or remain in shock for a long time. When cloning is done incorrectly, it may take weeks of extra care in order for the plant to recover
Newly created clones are more sensitive/picky about lights and nutrients compared to young plants from seed
In order to get clones, you will need to know someone who already has marijuana plants, or you may be able to buy some from your local medical marijuana dispensary if you’re in a suitable location and have a recommendation for marijuana from your doctor.
Starting with a clone can save you a couple of weeks compared to starting with seeds because they have a head-start on growth. Using clones also guarantees the gender of your plant because the clones have the exact same genetics as their parent plant including gender.
If you have a female plant that you like, you can just clone her indefinitely to make more plants without ever again having to worry about sexing your plants or creating seeds. Yet you will also end up with the same strain/genetics for every clone you take off the same plant.
If you’re starting out with a clone, you want to treat it gently for the first day or two that you have it. If your clone hasn’t established roots yet, then you want to make sure that it stays moist and gets gentle light (like from florescent tubes) until it develops some roots. A humidity dome will help the plant get moisture until she’s established her roots.
If your clone has already established its roots, then put it in its new home with your lights a bit further away than normal until she’s settled in and showing new growth.
Only give your clone just a little bit of water at first with a highly diluted cannabis-friendly “grow” nutrient solution.
It’s tempting to want to put your lights close to the new baby and give it full-strength nutrients because you want to do everything you can to make sure it does okay.
However, in the very beginning, less is more for your clone. Your clone is more sensitive to heat and light than an established plant, and you’re putting it in a completely new environment.
It’s important to check on your clone frequently during it’s first 24 hours to make sure there isn’t any unforeseen problems such as it tipping over. Once the clone has started really growing (usually after a couple of days) then you can put your lights closer and start feeding it with full-strength nutrients.
Should I start my cannabis plant with seeds or clones? Should you start growing your cannabis plant with seeds or clones? Each method has pros and cons, so check out the comparison below to find
Seeds vs. Clones
Seeds or clones? This is the question you’ve been asking yourself now that you’ve made the decision to grow your own cannabis
It’s the age-old question: seeds or clones? This is the question you’ve been asking yourself now that you’ve made the decision to grow your own cannabis. There are countless articles on the internet that claim one is absolutely better than the other; but is it true? Let’s take a journey through the debate of seeds vs. clones and come to our own decision depending on what works best in each of our own particular settings.?
⛳ Cannabis Seeds
Buying Cannabis Seeds
Before marijuana became commonplace in many countries, the only way to acquire cannabis seeds was through mail order purchases through websites generally in the Netherlands. But now thanks to a seemingly larger acceptance of marijuana, cannabis seeds are much more accessible than in the past..
If you’re lucky enough to reside in a country or state that allows you to purchase cannabis seeds legally, then you’re in for a stress-free time. On the other hand, if you’re from a country that outright bans the purchasing of cannabis seeds, then it will take a bit of extra effort from you to acquire your prized seeds.
There isn’t any time wasted if you only need to walk to a store to purchase your marijuana seeds. This streamlined process means you can get straight to germinating your seeds to begin their long cycle of life.
If you purchase marijuana seeds online, then you’ll need to wait for the package to ship and account for the days wasted while your seeds are in transit. Also, if you’re located in a country that doesn’t allow cannabis seeds, then your shipment is threatened until it reaches your doorstep.
There are a large number seed brands available considering there are numerous seed breeders. These unsung heroes take the time and effort to create unique strains for you and me to partake in. Hours upon hours of breeding and even more hours of outright patience eventually net a breeder with a complete seed line. It’s this final seed that we’re able to buy and grow for ourselves.
Weed seeds can cost between 40 and 170 € for a pack of 10 seeds. It depends on the exclusivity surrounding the breeder and availability. Cannabis seeds are no small investment, but they do offer us a wide variety of options that will be discussed later.
The Advantages of Using Cannabis Seeds
- Buying your own cannabis seeds opens a plethora of options in the world of marijuana. Your horizon is entirely open, and the endless list of cannabis strains is at your disposal (as long as your wallet is as well).
- Growing cannabis plants from seed means that you can search for strains that will work for you, either due to your growing environment or medical needs. Looking for a cannabis seed that will grow short and bushy? Perfect, you’ll find loads of these in marijuana seed catalogs. Searching for a strain that will give you that electrifying high with no ceiling? Of course! All you need to do is search for it, and you’ll eventually find it in seed form.
- Another advantage to growing cannabis plants from seed is that you can rest assured that you’re growing verified genetics. In my experience, a significant problem in the cannabis industry is that dispensaries often sell customers cannabis products that aren’t the strain that they claim it is. This is an ongoing problem in legalized states such as California and Colorado, where the weed you buy is named something popular so that it sells quickly.
- When you buy your own cannabis seeds, you know what strain you’ll be smoking, guaranteed. Buying your own cannabis seeds is the most responsible thing you can do as a grower because you are fully aware of what it is.
- Other advantages to using cannabis seeds are specialized varieties, such as feminized seeds and autoflowering seeds. These are unique because feminized seeds are guaranteed to become female once they reach maturity. Autoflowering seeds don’t require the 12/12 light cycle to begin flowering, they just need to reach a certain age. These are great options to use in particular circumstances, such as lack of time and lack of space.
- Possibly the most important advantage to using cannabis seeds is for phenotype variation. A cannabis plant’s phenotype is responsible for its characteristics, such as a purple tinge, massive flowers, pungent smell, or overall size..
- It’s an advantage as a grower to view a strain’s variety of phenotypes. If you find a particular phenotype that you love because of its unique characteristics, then you can turn it into a “mother” and take clones from it to keep this specific phenotype alive and in production. You can even clone feminized seeds once they’re mature. Cloning marijuana is a common practice but will be discussed in-depth in a different article.
The Disadvantage of Cannabis Seeds
- There are, of course, disadvantages to using cannabis seeds. The pitfalls found in growing cannabis seeds stem from increased growth times, a lack of uniformity, and the potential for males (unless you intend to make your own weed seeds).
- When growing cannabis from seed, we’re faced with hurdles to clear before the first leaves sprout of the seed. Germination is a tedious process, and if not careful, can end with a wasted seed. For most of us, germinating marijuana seeds is a stressful moment until the first leaves break free from the soil and begin establishing their root system.
- Beyond the germination process is the length of time to go from sprout to harvest. Cannabis seed packs always display a flowering time, usually between 9-11 weeks. The process from seed to sexual maturity takes upwards to 3 months. For most growers, especially production-oriented growers, this is far too much time to spend on vegetative growth and not on the flowering cycle. So before you ask how long it takes to grow weed: 4-6 months in total!
- Uniformity is also a significant downside to cannabis seeds. Each seed in a 10-pack carries its own unique phenotype. Depending on the lineage of the strain, the parents of it may offer widely differing characteristics in their offspring. This makes for a difficult situation in the grow room, especially if you have 10 different phenotypes that are all different sizes. Most growers prefer to keep an even canopy for light exposure and to pinpoint any problems.
- Although it’s not mother nature’s fault for gifting me with male cannabis plants, I was only searching for the perfect female plants that will produce large, pungent and resinous buds. If what you’re after is just bud production, then you will need patience and a back-up plan if you get more males than expected.
- There’s also the potential with your cannabis plants turning hermaphrodite either due to problems in your environment or problems with a breeder’s method. After 4-6 months it will be devastating to find a plant that has turned hermaphrodite, with the threat to potentially pollinate the rest of your cannabis crop. The last thing you want to see in your buds is weed seeds.
Advantages and disadvantages of using cannabis seeds
? Cannabis clones
Buying Cannabis Clones
Even though in most European countries the purchase of clones is illegal, in some states in the USA and Canada it is possible to buy clones without problem, they are fast and cheap, but you don’t know if what you get is really what they say it is.
Once again, living in a country or state that allows the growth of cannabis plants will make it much easier to acquire marijuana clones. If you live in a country that bans growing marijuana, then you may find it more difficult to gain access to cannabis clones. Generally, knowing other growers helps, especially if they have extra clones to give you.
If you live in a legalized country, then there are many shops where you can buy cannabis clones. In most cases, cannabis clones retail for about $5-20 each, depending on size. There are additional costs, especially if the cannabis clone is a rare cutting or from a famous breeder.
The Advantages of Cannabis Clones
- Clones play an integral role in most marijuana production facilities. Their advantage of already being sexually mature plants, uniform, and guaranteed females is the most strong allure for utilizing cannabis clones in your garden.
- Cannabis clones are clones taken from a mother plant. The mother plant can be from a feminized clone or from a regular cannabis clone. These cuttings are usually lateral branches of the larger mother plant. These cuttings are then placed in small rockwool or equivalent cubes and left to develop their own root system. Then clones carry the exact same genetic material from the mother, which means the exact same phenotype.
- Since clones carry the exact genetics of the mother, they also carry the same age. Although they are significantly smaller, they can begin flowering immediately after they establish a root system. Being sexually mature means that you can save up to 2 months of vegetative growth and spend that time flowering clones. It’s possible to finish two production cycles at the same time it takes to grow one seed to its final harvest.
- Another advantage to cannabis clones is that you can make clones from these clones. This means you will have an endless supply of a clone as long as you keep a mother in a vegetative state (18/4 or 24-hours lights on). We will discuss how to clone a weed plant (mother) in a separate series.
- The most streamlined grow room has an even canopy. This is because light penetration is necessary to fill out all of those bud sites. This is why growing clones are advantageous because they will all grow evenly. It also makes adjusting your grow light as your canopy increases in height much more manageable.
- Considering the mother plant where your marijuana clones are from is female, then your clones will be as well. Knowing the sex of your cannabis plant before it begins to grow is crucial. This takes the guesswork out of growing from seeds (unless they’re feminized seeds).
Disadvantages of Marijuana Clones
- Clones aren’t perfect. The origin of a weed clone is susceptible to false advertising, and the potential for introducing pests and pathogens from a cloner’s garden is highly possible. Clones are susceptible to genetic drift over a long period, thus reducing the favorable characteristics once found in the mother plant.
- It’s a prevelant practice that marijuana clone shops employ: name a clone after a favorite strain to make it sell faster. This means that your garden is now filled with an unknown strain that will produce half-baked results. The only hope is that the marijuana industry becomes more regulated for marijuana clone shops to show valid proof of the origins of their products.
- The most significant disadvantage of buying clones is that you may potentially introduce pests and pathogens into your grow operation. You don’t know the practices of the grower that produced your clones, which means you may be buying an infected cannabis clone. Once you introduce spider mites or powdery mildew into your garden, you’ll need to throw everything away and start again once your room is completely sterilized.
- Although you can take clones of clones and keep a specific genetic line in production, there is the potential for genetic drift over long periods. This isn’t a common occurrence but it does happen, and it can impact the growth of your cannabis garden.
Advantages and disadvantages of using cannabis cuttings
Here is a video explaining how to make clones:
Now that we know the advantages and disadvantages of cannabis seeds and weed clones, we can now decide for ourselves on which of these two is best for our own particular setting. There is no perfect option between the two because the deciding factor is you! Cannabis seeds are necessary to introduce new and exciting phenotypes into the arena. Cannabis clones are great for speeding up the production process.
In the end, you must weigh your own options. Do you have time? Do you want variation? Do you want to get started as soon as possible? Do you want uniform plants? These are all question you need to ask yourself before buying clones or seeds. Once you decide, enjoy the process! There is more to growing cannabis than just the end product.
Here at PEV Grow, we offer a wide variety of seeds from countless breeders. Even if you’ve decided clones are your preferred method, taking a look into our selection may give you an idea for a future cannabis garden that’s full of variety.
Find out which is the best option to grow your cannabis ✅ Advantages ✔ and disadvantages ❌ of growing with seeds or clones ➜ We make it easy for you